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Full text of "taleem-ud-deen"

TEACHINGS OF ISLAM. 

(Being a Complete Review of Islam : 
Shariah and Tariqah) 

Urdu : Taleemuddin by Maulana M ujaddid Ashraf Ali 
Thanwi Rah. 



Translated aiid lidited by 

Hadhrat QutbulAlam Maulana 
Prof. Mohammed Abdu lian, Ph.D. 

(Khalifa after Khalifa of Hadhrat Maulana Thanwi) 



Cited in: World Who's Who is Science, 

U.S.A.; Dictionary of International Biography, London; 

Internationl Who's Who of Intellectuals, Cambridge; 

Men of achievements, Cambrige; 

The International Directory of Distinguished leader- 

ship, U.S.A.; etc. 



CONTENTS 




I. Preface 


1 


n. Beliefs 


4 


(l).Kindsof Polytheism (Shirk) 


11 


(a) Polytheism in Knowledge 


11 


^b) Polytheism in Action 


12 


(c) Polytheism in Worship 


12 


(d) Polytheism in Habit 


12 


(2) Innovations (Bid'ah) 


13 


(a) Innovations of Tomb 


13 


(b) Innovations of Custom 


13 


(3) SomeBigger Sins 


15 


(4) Branches ofFaith 


16 


(5) Worldly loss from Sins 


18 


(6) Wordly Gain from Worship 


19 


HI. Deeds and Worship 


19 


(7) Salah 


22 


(8) Funeral and Burrial 


25 


(9)ZakahandCharity 


26 


(10) Fasting 


27 


(ll)ReadingQu'ran 


27 


( 1 2) Prayer'sZikr and Seeking Forgiveness 


28 


(13)Hajj (Pilgrimage) 


29 


(14)Swearing 


29 


IV. Dealings 


30 


(15)Marriage(Nikah) 


36 



(16) Government 

(17) Travel 

VI. Way of Life Fasting 



(18) Dress 


47 


(19)Medicine 


50 


(20)Dreams 


50 


(21)Salam(Salutations) 


51 


(22) Permission to entera House 


51 


(23) Hand-shaking and standingup 


52 


(24) Sitting, Lyingand Walking 


52 


(25) Meeting Place 


52 


(26) Miscellaneous Etiquettes 


54 


(27) Control of the Tongue 


55 


(28) Pvights and Service 


57 


VII Salook Tariqah, and Sufism 


61 


(29)Bai't 


62 


(3 0) Struggle and Mujahidah 


63 


(31)DetailedStruggles 


63 


(a) Repentance (Taubah) 


63 


(b) Patience 


64 


(c)Thankfulness 


64 


(d)Hope 


64 


(e) Fear 


65 


(f)Abstinence(Zuhd) 


65 


(g) Monotheism (Unity of God) 


65 


(h) Trust 


66 


(i) Love 


66 


(j)Desire(Shauq) 


66 



(k)Affection(Uns) 


67 


(i)Pleasure 


67 


(m) Intention 


67 


(n)Sincerity 


68 


(o)Truthfulness 


68 


(p) Meditation (Muraqabah) 


68 


(q) Thoughtfiilness 


69 


(32)BadManners 


70 


(a)Lust 


70 


(b)Evilsof Tongue 


70 


(c) Anger 


70 


(d) Malice (Keenah) 


71 


(e)Jealousy 


71 


(f)WorldlyLove 


72 


(g)Mystery 


72 


(h)Greed 


72 


(i) Love of Position 


73 


(j)Show 


73 


(k)Pride 


74 


(l)Hauter and self-pamperedness (ujb) 


74 


(m) Deceit (Ghuroor) 


74 


(n) Meditation 


75 


(33) Miscellaneous Masailsof Tariqah. 


75 


(a) Rejection 


75 


(b) More Reward to saints 


75 


(c) Manifestation (Kashf) 


75 


(d) Manifestation and Inspiration 


76 


(e)Miracles 


76 


(f) Search for a Preceptor and number 


77 


(g)Bait 


78 


(h) Love for Shaikh 


78 


(i) Best forme 


78 



(j) Shaikhnot Innocent 


78 


(k) Shaikh not knowen of the unseen 


79 


(l)ShaikhnotProphet 


80 


(m)\Tomb of Shaikh 


80 


(n) Shaikh should Progress 


80 


(o) Imagining Shaikh 


81 


(p)Ladie'sBait 


82 


(q) Musical Concert 


82 


( r) Absorpt ion ( I st ighraq) 


82 


(s) Apparent MeaningofQuran 




and Hadith is valid 


82 


(t) Statements under Intoxication 




to be Rejected 


82 


(u) Apparent and Hidden Meaning 




of Quran and Hadith 


83 


(v)Curtains 


83 


(w) Shaikh and Curtains 


83 


VIII CorrectionofMistakes 


84 


(34) InterminglingofSexes is Harmful 


86 


(a) Shaikh not Allah 


86 


(b) Paradise and Heil Present 


86 


(c) Quran not Prophet's word 


86 


(d) ProtectionofTongue 


86 


(e) Rules of Sharia'h not Waived 


87 


(f) Boasting and Insulting others 


87 


(g) Authorities ofHadith 


88 


(h) Allah' s Vision not in this world 


89 


(i)Caution 


90 


(35)Clarifications 


91 


IX. Mistakes of Triqah 


92 


(a) Opposing Sunnah 


92 



(b) Leave ignorant Shaikh 

(c) Don't Intimate with Boys 

(d) Control ofTongue 

(e) Going to Extremes in Mujahidah 

(f) To Rush in Results 

(g) To displease the Shaikh 

X.WillofSaints 

(3 6) Imam Qashiri Rah. 

(3 7) Shah Waliullah Sahib Rah. 

(3 8) Haji Imdadullah sahib Rah. 

(39) Mujaddid Ashraf Ali Thanwi Rah. 

XI. Shajarah (Family Tree) 

XII. Salam 

XIII. Suggested Reading in English 



1 
I. Preface 



These days most people think that Islam teaches salah, 
fasting and some things of the Unseen on the day of judgement, 
beautiful women (Hoor) in paradise, snakes and scorpions in Heil 
and has nothing to do with the apparent and hidden related 
conditions. Think whatever you fancy to Allah and His prophet 
(sal-am). Doyoursdealingsasyouwish. Do business as you like. 
Treat people as you wish. Eat, drink whatever you please. Have 
your sittingsstanding, meeting and wayoflife as you wish. Keep 
your self associated with whatever qualities you like. You are free 
to do whatever you please. They think of foilowing the other 
nations in business, their philosophies in way of life, and those who 
claim to be god in selfish stages. In short they think there is no 
principles of being Allah, His Prophet(sal-am), no principles of 
dealing and business transations, no understanding of morals and 
manners, no realization of stages and elevation of self, etc. The 
result is as bad as canbe imagined. The opponents oflslam say that 
Islam is incomplete not that they have incompletely learnt it . S orne 
young educated people began to think this way too . They began to 
think that they neaded the modern ci vilization in some respects, and 
by their tongue, heart or action began to prefer other peoples way 
overtheirown. Theybegantolaughattheirownbeliefs. The result 
was that the general public began to only consult Ulema (learned 



scholars) in Salah, fasting, etc. , but in legal cases, business etc. they 
felttotally independant.Neitherwasthedetailsofmonotheismone 
prophethood asked and discussed. To the extent that their some 
deeds conveypolytheisminDivinity and prophethood specially 
ladies because involved in daily deeds, worship and enquiry of 
rules and regulations but lacke interest in dealing, morals, eti- 
quettes, reform of the self and heart, etc. The result is that with 
increase of the knowledge in some aspects if the religion, there is 
alsoincrease in pride, greed, love of the world and the like. The 
result on sufis was that they beganto think shari'an ahd tariqah two 
different and unrelated things, the latter the real things and the 
former for administrative purposes. Theybecame opposedto 
ulema and considered their inspirations as the highest authority . 
Their thoughts were inspirations and latter was alone above any 
doubt the ultimate truth. They did not feel like examing them with 
shari'ah or Ulema. Almost every group has this trouble. We belong 
to Allah and to Him we shall return. If you look at the Quran and 
Sunnah you will find all the teachings of Islam there in clear 
statements, for example : %'£%£ $Zo\ 



2#tøit>g^44'&tøtø£%&i 



*"»&iv >-»£••*» 1 */'' ^5 . y »f -" > i. <Zs^< '»*W 9m'' 9 \- 
" r > ?•*"'** j » i* 

Besides these there are verses of dealings, way oflife, stages 
ineducation ofserf,etc. SimilarlyifyouexamineHadith you will 
find faith, salah, Zakah, business, Nikah, Divorce, mariners and 
morals, behaviour, etc. as chapters. Thenhow canyou say that 
Islam has taught us belief and worship only but not dealings , way 
oflife and Tasawwuf; If you are honest you will agree that Islam 
has taught all the full things and not lefl us looking for them 
elsewhere. Even in other nations there are some honest people who 
agree to this claim. 

When I saw these ideas spreading in the general public, I 
decided due to Muslim sympathy to write this bookin which all the 
five things be collected and dealt from Quran and Hadith for their 
benefit. Special mention is made to the mistakesof Sufis and their 
corrections and reforms in this work. Sufism means pleasure of 
Allah, and that comes by following rules and regulations. The rules 
one for all walks oflife and all walks oflife have to be reformed. 
First have the Islamic believes of Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'at, then 
learn salah, fasting, Zakah etc, and followthemthenlearnHalal or 
Haram inlslam, so that heart maybe enlightened. Learn the Islamic 
way oflife and rights and duties in Islam so as to fulfill these and do 
notyranny. Ifyoudotyranny,youcan'thave mercyfromAllahand 
if you enter Tariqah you will not go astroy and are bound to 
succeed. 

The five topics of Islam that one mainly treated have include 
the following: Belief, Deeds and worship, dealings and politics, 
Way oflife and Etiquettes, Sulook, Tasawwuf and Tariqah. 

O Allah help me and save me from mistakes. 

(Mujaddid) Mohmmad Ashraf Ali Thanwi. 



II Islamic Beliefs 



Belief 1 : The entire universe did not exist before. Then it 
came into existence by the creation of Allah. 

Belief 2: He is since ever and will remain for ever. 

Belief 3 : There is nothings like Him, and He is unique. 

Belief4: He is alive. He has power over everything- 
Nothing is secret from His knowledge. He sees everything. He 
listenes to everything. He speaks whatever He pleases. He is 
worthy of worship. He has no partner. He is kind to His creatures. 
He is king(of kings).He is free from all defects. He saves His 
creatures from all troubles and calamities. He is respectful. He is 
thegreatest. He is the creator.He is the forgiver ofsins. He gives 
a lot. He is Mighty. He is the giver of sustenance, gives more to 
some, less to some. He elevates some, He degrades some.Give 
respects to some, Humiliates some whom He pleases. He is just . 
He is tolerant. He appreciates service. He accepts our prayers. He 
listen to us . There is wisdom in all His actions He makes all the 
things. He created us for the first time. He will create us again on 
the day ofjudgement. He gives life. He takes life. We know Him 
by His qualities and virtues but nobody can know His self. He 
accepts repentance of sinners. He punishes those worthy of 
punishment. He gives guidance. He neither sleep nor dozes. He 
does not get tired of looking after the universe. He is holding 
everything. He has all similar virtues of excellence. 

Belief 5: He is One. He does not need anyone. He did 
not givebirth to anyone nor was bornfrom anyone. There is no rival 
to Him. 

Belief6: He is free from the qualities of His creatures. 
And wherever in Quran or Hadith such things are mentioned leave 



its meaning to Allah, He knows its true nature and we believe as 
such or give it a meaning suitable to it with which we can 
understand. 

Belief 7: Whatever good or bad happens in the universe 
Allah knows them all before hånd and creates them according to 
His knowledge. This is fate or destiny . There are secrets in creating 
bad things which everyone does not know. 

Belief 8: Allahhas givenHisservantschoiceto do good 
orevil which theydobytheir choice. Heispleasedbygooddeeds. 
He is displeased by bad deeds. ButHis servants can not create any 
work. 

Belief 9: Allah has not ordered His servants anything 
what they can not do. 

Belief 1 0: Allah is not obliged to do anything. Whatever 
favour He does is by His mercy and kindness. 

Belief 1 1 : Manymessengers and prophets came to guide 
Hisservants. They are allinnocent. Theirnumberisknownto Allah 
alone. Allah gave them miracles which other people could not 
perform to prove their truth. The first of them is Hadhrat Adam 
A. S . and the last is Hadhrat Mohammed (sal-am) and the rest were 
inbetween. Some are morefamous such as Hadhrat Nuh, Hadhrat 
Abraham, Hadhrat Isa, Hadhrat Ismael, Hadhrat Jacob, Hadhrat 
Joseph, HadhratDavid, Hadhrat Soloman, Hadhrat Job, Hadhrat 
Mosa, HadhratHaron, HadhratZekeryah, Hadhrat JohnBaptist, 
Hadhrat Jesus son of Mary, Hadhrat Al Yasaa, Hadhrat Jonah, 
Hadhrat Lut, Hadhrat Idris, Hadhrat Zul kifl, Hadhrat Saleh, 
Hadhrat Hood, Hadhrat Shoaib, Hadhrat Ilyas Alaihimus Salam. 

Beliefl 2: Some messengers are higher in ranks than 
others. The highest in ranks is Hadhrat Mohammed (Sal-aw) No 
newprophet cancome after him. Heisthemessenger of all those 



to be borntill the day of judgement among men and Jinn. 

Beliefl3: Allah tookourmessengerwhileawakewith his 
body from Mecoa to Jerusalam (Baitul Muqaddas) and then to 
sevenheavens andwhereverHepleased and thenbroughthimto 
Mecca. This is cailed Ascension or Meraj . 

Belief 14: Allahcreated manycreaturesfromlightwhom 
we cant see they are angels. We are not told whether they are male 
or female. They perform many functions. They never disobey 
Allah. Four of them are famous: Hadhrat Gabriel, HadhratMichail, 
Hadhrat Israfeel, Hadhrat Izraeel. 

Belief 15: Allah created some creatures from fire. We 
can't see them. They are both good and bad. They have children 
also . The most famous is the devil shaitan (Iblees) . 

Belief 16: When a Muslim worships Allah, avoid sins, 
doesntlovethe world, and obeystheprophet(Sal-am) completely 
he becomes friend of Allah or Wali or saint. Some times he can 
show things which other people can not do. These are cailed 
miracles (Karamat). 

Belief 17: A Wali, no matter howgreat, can still not reach 
the rank of a Prophet. 

Belief 18: It is obligatory fora Wali to folio w the shariah. 
As long as the senses are right no worship (Salah, fasting or any 
other thing) is waived. The sins are never alright for him. 

Belief 19: Apersonopposedto shariah can notbeaWali or 
saint. If he shows some Strange things with his hånds, these are 
magic, or devlish activity or selfish activity . Don't have faith with 
him. 

Belief20: A Wali can get to know some secrets with 
awake or sleeping . This is kasfh ilham or inspiration. Follow them 
ifaccording to shariah, otherwisereject them. 



Belief21 : AllahandHisProphet(Sal-am)havetoldallthe 
things of religion on Quran and Hadith. There is no room for 
anythings new or innovation or Bidah which is a big sin. Earlier 
Ulema called Mujtahid have explained Quran and Hadith with the 
power oftheir knowledge and piety and explained many new things 
to others. Four of them are famous: Hadhrat Imamul Azam Abu 
Hanifah Rah. (the greatest Imam with the largest following), 
Hadhrat Imam Shafei Rah, Hadhrat Imam Malik Rah, Hadhrat 
Imam Ahmed Ibne Hanbal Rah, Followers of Imam Abu Hanifah 
are called Hanafi and are in majority in the Indo-Pakistan sub- 
cotinent . Eighty percent of all Muslims are Hanafi . 

Similarly for the reform of self saints have devised methods 
from Quran and Hadith with the light oftheir heart, four of which 
are famous: Hadhrat KhawajaMoinuddin Chishti Rah, Hadhrat 
Abdul QadirJeelani Rah, Shaikh Shahabuddin SuhravardyRah, 
Hadhrat khajaBahauddin Naqshbandi Rah, Follow any Mujtahid 
you wish but don't insult others. Don't follow these if they have 
made a mistake somewhere in interpreting Quran and Hadith. 

Belief22: Allah has revealed many small andbiggerbooks 
from heaven through the angel Gabriel to different Prophets that 
they may guide their people and nation. FourBooks are famous. 
Torah to Hadhrat Musa (Moses), Psalms (Zaboor) to Hadhrat 
David (Daud), Gospols (Injil) to Hadhrat Isa (Jesus), and Quran 
to Hadhrat Mohammad (Sal-am), Quran is the last holy book. No 
book will come from Heaven now Quran's orders will prevail til! 
the day of judgement. All other books are changed and mutilated 
by earlier people but Allah has promised to protect Quran. No one 
can change a word of it. 

Belief23 : True Muslims who saw our prophet (Sal-am) 
are called companions(Sahabi). They were all great people. Love 
them and have God's faith with them. If you have any quarrel or 
war between them ignore it as a minor incidence. Do not rebuke 



them. The four best ones are in order of their caliphate : Hadhrat 
AbuBaker Rad. He sat on the place of the holy prophet (Sal-am) 
looked after the religion. He is the best of all Muslims, Next come 
Hadhrat Omar Rad., the second caliph. Next come Hadhrat 
OthmanRad., thethird caliph. Finally come Hadhrat Ali Rad.> the 
fourth caliph. 

Belief24: The prophets wives and daughters were all 
highly respectable.Amongdaughters the highestinrankis Hadhrat 
Fatima Rad, and among wives the highest ranks were Hadhrat 
KhadijahRad., and Hadhrat Aisha Rad.. 

Belief25. Faithremains valid whenyou accept as true all 
the sayingsof Allah and prophet(Sal-am). Ifyoudoubt, callita 
lie, find fault, joke them your faith is gone. 

Belief26: Not to accept the obvious meaning of Quran 
and Hadith and find atwisted meaning to satisfy your selfish doing 
isirreligious. 

Belief27: You lose your faith of you consider sin as 
permissible (Halal). 

Belief 28: As long as you consider a sin as sin and bad, 
your faith may be weakened but not lost. 

Belief 29: To be fearless of Allah or to be hopeless of 
Allahs mercy is kufr(atheism). 

Belief 30: To ask someone about the unseen and to 
believe it is kufr (atheism). However, the prophets are told by 
revelation, saints by inspiration and general public by sign can be 
told something of the unseen. 

Belief 31: To call someone as kafir(atheist) or to curse 
someone by name is a big sin. You can curse the tyrants, liers, 
etc.Those people who have been named kafir by Allah and His 
prophet (sal-am) or cursed by them, you can curse them or call 



them kafir. 

Belief 32: Afterdeathwhenapersonisburiedorinwhat 
state two angels(Munkar and Nakeer or Nakeerainh) come to him 
and ask who isyour Lord? What is your religion? Theyask about 
the Prophet (sal-am), who is he? If the dead is a Muslim, he gives 
correctreply. Forhimisalltheblessings. Othewisehe says, I don't 
know for all the question. They put to great hardship then. S orne are 
waived by Allah from this examination. These things happen with 
the dead person, othen people don't see it . Like a sleeping person 
who dreams and sees every thing in his dream and an awake person 
sitting net to him is totally unaware of it . 

Belief33: The dead receivesourprayers,charity, reading 
of Quran and greatly benefits by them. 

Belief 34 : All the sign told by Allah and His prophet (sal- 
am) about the day of judgement are going to happen Hadhrat 
Sayyid Imam Al-Mahdi will appear and will rule the world with 
great justice. One eyed Dajjal(Anti-christ) will appear among the 
jews and will curse muchtrouble ontheearth. Hadhratlsa (Jesus 
Christ) will desend from Heaven to kill him and he will kill him. 
Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and MeGog) are a naughty people, they will 
spread all over the world, then they will be destroyed by the wrath 
of Allah. A Peculiar animal will come out of earth and will talk with 
humans. Sun will rise from the west-QuranMajid will belifted. In 
a few days all the Muslims will die, and the world will be full of 
infidels and there are other things to happen. 

Belief 3 5 : When all the signs have appeared, preparation 
of the day of Judgement shalltake place, Hadhrat Israfeel AS. will 
by the order of All ah blow the long horn-like thoor (clarion) and the 
earth and the heavens will shatter to pieces. All the creatures will 
die. Those who are already dead, their souls will be unconcious 
exceptthosewhom Allah wants to save. A period of time will pass 
like this. 



10 

Belief36: When Allah would want to recreate the uni- 
verse, a second time the Thoor will be blown and the entire universe 
will come to life. All the dead will be alive and gather in the field of 
judgement. They will be fed up of the troubles there and go to 
prophets for recommendation. Finally the prophet Mohammad 
(sal-am) will recommend and all good and bad deeds will be 
weighed and they will bejudged. Some will enterparadisewithout 
accountingof deeds. Thedeed sheets of the good peoples willbe 
given in their right hånds and of the bad people will be given in their 
left hånd. The holy prophet (sal-am) will offer drink from river 
kauthar which is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Then 
we have to walk in the bridge of serat. The good people will pass 
on the paradise. and the bad people will drop down to Heil 

Belief37: Heil has been created. Ithassnakes, scorpions 
and varietiesofpunishment. Amongthe people ofHellwho have 
a little bit of faith will after suffering -for their sins with the 
recommendation of prophet and saints comeout and enter para- 
dise, no matter how great a sinner they are. The atheist and the 
polytheist will remain there, for ever and death will not come to 
rescuethem. 

Belief38: Paradise has been created It has all sorts of 
comfort and happiness. The people of paradise will haveno fear 
or worry. They will live there for ever. They will not come out of 
it and will not die there. 

Belief39: Allah-is powerful to punish on small sins or 
forgive bigger sins by His mercy altogether. 

Belief40: Those who have been named to be people of 
paradise by Allah and His Prophet (sal-am) you can call them so 



but not certainly so far others. It is however, essential with good 
signs to have good faith, and hope for the best by Allah's mercy. 

Belief 4 1 : The greatest blessing in paradise is the sight of 
Allah, before which all other pleasures are nothing . 

Belief 42: In this world, while awake, no body has seen 
Allah nor can anyone see Him. 

Belief 43 : No matter how good or bad a person has been 
in his life, it is his condition at the time of death that decides whether 
he will be rewarded or punished . 

(I) Kinds of Polytheism (Shirk) 








These verses shows the true nature of innovation (Bad'ah) 
Polytheism or paganism (Shirk), customs of ignorance and obedi- 
ence to shaitan (devil) . These sins effect Divinity and Prophethood 
beliefs and they are absorbed here after beliefs of Islam some of 
them are Kufrand Shirk, some near them, some innovations that 
lead astray, some Makrooh and sin, all ofwhich have to be left out. 
All these are written here so that Muslims may avoid them and have 
correct knowledge and belief. 

(a)Polytheism in knowledge: To believe that any wali or 



saint knows my condition all the time; ask astrologer, pandit, about 
the unseen or consider for same from a wali's statement; call 
someone from a distance and believe that he has heard it; to fast in 
the name of somebody among the creatures. 

(b)Polytheism in action:To consider someone capable 
for harming you or give gains; beg someone for his wishes; beg 
someone for su stenance children etc . 

(c) Polytheism in worship: To do Sajda or prostrate 
before somebody; to sacrifice some animal in the name of some- 
body (other than Allah); to give offering to someone; to go round 
and round a tomb or house; to prefer somebody' s statement or 
custom more than Allahs orders; to bow down somebody or 
stand like a wall; to keep Tazia and Aalam (as Shiites do); to 
sacrifice or gun agoat; to sacrifice an animal on somebody's name; 
to offer to something to be relieved fromghosts; to worship the 
naval cord for the life of the child; to treat and respect any place 
equal to Ka'aba. 

(d) Polytheism in Habit: Toprick the earornoseofaboy, 
in the name of someone and let him wear ear or nose rings; to tie 
a coin around the arm as a token of protection in the name of 
someone or to wear a string in the neck in anybody's name; to tie 
florel chaplets to the boys or keep lock of hair, their heads or to 
dress them asbeggers of someone; to give them such names as Ali 
Baksh (given by Ali), Hussain Baksh (givenby Hussain) or Abdul 
Nabi (Bondsman of the Prophet); to consider something as 
untouchable; to give the name of someone to an animal and pay 
respect to it, not to eat betels (Pan) in the month ofMuharram, not 
to wear red clothes; not allow Bibi's sahnak to eat men the universe 
artivition based on stars ask good, bad date and day from 
astrologers or ask hidden thing from someone with j inn on her or 
long to take omens, to consider and believe any month or date to 
be in inconspicuous ; to read rentals of saints; to say if Allah and His 



Holy Prophet (Sal-am) wished such and such thing will be done 
(Allah alone knows and none else if anything will be or not) or say 
Allah is above and you are below (to help me); to swear by 
somebody's name; call some body as Shahinshah or Lord of the 
Lords; to keep pictures, especially of a saint and to respect it 
(exceptforidentification) . 

(2) Innovations (Bid-ah): 

(a) Innovations of Tomb.: To organize and hold fairs on the 
graves of saints, to arrange illumination there, to coverthem with 
sheets, and to visit thosebythewomen;toconstruct puccatombs 
over the graves and to respect them extremely, with a view to 
please the saint of the grave; to kiss Tazias (model of tombs) or 
graves or rub their dust on the face or to go round them or to bow 
before them; to offer prayers faring the gravesor to make offerings 
of sweets etc. upon the graves; harm worldly or religions activities 
and travel to tombs of saints' singing and musical instruments there; 
decorate the tombs, put flowers there ; to do 'Urs' or face and go 
there. 

(b) Innovations of custom : To observe compulsarily the 
third and fortieth day death cerimonies; to regard the marriage of 
widow as sin proper ; to arrange with pomp and show the 
ceromoniesofmaniage, Khatna(circamcision), Bismillah(begining 
of education) and to arrange musical bands dance etc . in them; to 
celebrate the festivals of pagans like Holi, Diwali, etc; instead of 
" Assalamo Alaikum" to greet in any other way or just to put hånd 
ontheforeheads; appearingunveiled by women without bashful- 
ness before in-laws and other cousins or strangers; to listen music 
or play musical instruments or to watch the dance of dancing girls 
and to give them rewards; to be boastful of ones family or to 
consider family relation with a saint as sufficient for salvation; to 
taunt or look down upon someone on account of his humbler 
pedigree or to reRard anv Drofession low or mean; to praise anyone 



14 

vvith exaggeration; spend extravagantly in marriage and other 
ceremonies and even to take loan for them on interest; to dress the 
bridegroom vvith suchcfotheswhichare forbidden under religion 
code to adorn him withfloral chaplets, whistles and apply myrtle 
paste to his hånd and feet, to make fire works and other such 
unnecessary decorations on such occasions; to bring bride-groom 
among women and let women appear unveiled before him or to 
joke with him; to try to peep and eavesdrop in the privacy ofbride 
and bride-groom, and ifheard or seensomething to spread; before 
marriage to make the bride sit and remain in strict seclusion for a 
certain period to the extent that even her prayers (Salah) one 
missed; to fix exorbitant dowry or Mehr just for the sake of 
bashfulness; to weep and lament aloud on the death of someone 
and to wail beating face and chest, after the death of someone to 
break the pitcherswhichwere in use at the timeof death ortowash 
the clothes touched the dead body; not to prepare pickles etc. in 
the house of mourning or not to hold any function for about a year 
and to revive the mourning on certain fixed and particular days; to 
indulge in excessive make up and decoration (by women) and to 
hate simple dress; to hange pictures and photos in the house; to use 
gold and silver utensils; wearing ofvery thin clothes and jingling 
ornaments by women; going of woman in gathering of men such as 
procession, fairs etc; or'adøpt and wear the dress ofopposite sex 
and its manners; to get the body tatooed; to practise witchcraft; 
embracing and hugging to,prohibited persons by women at the time 
of departure or on comingback from ajourney; to get ear or nose 
of a boy pricked as an omen for his long life and to make him wear 
nose or ear ring and other ornament and silk or safron-dyed 
clothes; to give opium to the children to heep them quiet and asleep; 
to treat the ailment of a child with the milk or meat of a lion; shave 
trim the beard; grow the moustache too long to wear trousers 
below the ankle; play chess, etc. 



(3)Some Bigger (Grave) Sins : 

To assignpartnersto Allah(Shirk); tokill anyoneunjustly or 
without proper cause; practicing of witch-craft and chars by 
children womenuring the confine ment of any other woman so that 
the child of that woman may die and she may have a child. This 
amounts to murda; to tease the parents and to put them to 
inconvenience; to commit adultery; to misappropriate the property 
of orphans or others, or to deprive the daughters of their share in 
the legacy; to accuse any women of adultry even on slightest doubt; 
to oppress or speak ill of someone and to backbite; to lose faith in 
Allah and be disappointed ofHis mercy and blessings; not to fulfil 
apromise or to misappropriate atrustto abondonintentionally any 
oftheduties enjoined by Allah, such as Salah(Namaz) , fast, Hajj, 
Zakah; to forget the holy Quran after memorizing it, to tell lie and 
to take false oath; to swear by the name of someone other then 
Allah; to swear in such words as he or she be deprived of Kalimath 
at the time of death or may die without Iman(Faith); to offer saj dah 
(prostration) before anyone other than Allah to miss Salah without 
legitimate cause; to call a Muslim anon-believer or dishonestto call 
Allah' s curse on anyone; to call anyone enemy of Allah; to steal or 
to commit theft or to abuse' to indulge in usury (taking or giving 
money oninterest); to expressjoy on rising cost of foodgrains; to 
compell on lowering the price after setting the bargain, ; to sit in 
seclusion with prohibited persons of the opposite sex; to gamble or 
to take part in game of chance. Some people play certain games 
with stakes. This is to allow gambling; to like and appreciate the 
customs of infidels; to find fault with fool or with other persons; to 
enjoy music and dance; to drink wine and other intoxicating drugs; 
not to advise others in spite of being in position to do so; to redicule 
otherwith a view to humiliate them; running away from ajihad; have 
an evil eye on neighbours women; omit Fridays prayer for men; 
being homosexual (gay or lesbian); have intercourse with wife 
during mensuration; have sex with animals; entering the house of 



other person without permission. 

(4) Branches of Faith: 

You are required to perfect the following 77 actions deed, 
3 belonging to your heart, 7 to the tongue, and 40 to your entire 
bodyinordertobe agoodandfaithfulbelieverorMoimin: The30 
faithful deeds ofyour heart include the folio wing;to believe in God 
(Allah, in Arabic); to believe that every thing was non-existant 
before and came to exist later by the creation of Allah; to believe 
in His angels; to believe that all the holy books revealed by Allah 
are true, and that now only the last book Quran (Koran) is in force 
and valid; to believe in all the messengers of Allah and now to follow 
the noble example (Sunnah) of his last prophet Mohammed (sal- 
am); to believe that God knows everything ; even in advance and 
does whatever He wills or pleases, to believe in Qiyamah or last 
Day and the end of theworld (to come); to believe inparadise and 
heil; to love Allah, to love the Prophet Mohammed (sal-am); to 
love or to hate someone for the sake of Allah alone; the intent of 
and the motive behind all your actions and deeds must be the 
pleasure of Allah and the service ofHis religion; to be sorry on a 
sin and to repent to do "taubah" ; to from Allah; to be hope ful of 
Allahs mercy ; to be modest; to be thankful to Allah; to fulfil a 
promise; to be patient; to be humble and to keep the option open 
that you may infact be now or in the long run of life inferior to others; 
to be kind and merciful to Allahs creatures and people; to be 
content with destiny and with what Allah has given; to trust Allah; 
not to be proud on any ofyour virtues; and not to consider your self 
better or superior than others; not to have malice or hatred towards 
anyone; notto envy anyone wishinghimor her, to lovea virtuewhile you 
gainit;nottolosetemperduring anger; not havebad wishesforanyone; 
and not to love the world butto control all temptatio 



The 7 faithful deeds ofyourtongue : are as folio ws: torecite 
the Kalimah oflslam; to read the holy Quran; to acquire knowledge 



17 

and to learn the religion (such as by reading the Urdu books of 
Ashrefun Nisab or Nisabe-shari'at and Tasawwuf available from 
MaktabaThanvi, Molvi MusafirKhana, Bandar Road, Karachi, 
Pakistan); to teach knowledge (or the above books), to pray; to 
remember Allah and to do "Zikr " ; and to aviod and to stay away 
from all sins and useless things and such piaces and company, 
obscene talks, sinful things, falsehood, back-biting, abuse, and 
unlawful instrumental music. 

The remaining 40 faithful deeds ofyou r entirebody include 
the following: Purificaion, cleanliness, ablution, bathand keeping 
cloths clean; regularity and punctuality in Salah or Namaz or 
prayers; giving money to the poor as Zakah or charity at 'Id and 
almsgiving, fasting ( a month in Ramadhan); performing the Hajj 
pilgrimage; staying the last ten days of Ramadhan in a mosque in 
Itikaf; emigrate or leave the place where religion is in danger ; fulill 
your views and carry out pledge to Allah; but not to carryout any 
sinful and wrong oath; to recompense an unful filled oath is to 
properly cover the body: manfromnaveltoknees, andgirlsand 
women all body axcept face, hånds and feet; to sacrifice animals 
for Allah; giving runeral service, shoi ouding and burying the dead; 
paying bank of debts; avoid all illegal transaction and unlawful 
business deal and tactics; not to conceal the evidence ; to get 
married whenthe need arises; to meet the obligation ofthose under 
your care or responsible to you; to serve and give comfort to 
parents; to look after or to take care for your children well; to be 
kind to your relation and not to illtreat them; to obey your master 
or mistress or boss or ruier within the Shariah; to do justice and be 
alwaysjust; never to leave the Jama'at norto follow apath separate 
from and against the general body of Muslim; full loyalty, alle- 
giance, devotion and obedienceto your government and ruier but 
none whatsoever in any matter against Islam and the Islamic 
Shariah, to make peace among those quarelling fighting or having 
arguments; to help or be helpful to others or to support a good, 
noble, virtous cause; to guide or show the right path and to prohibit 
or oooose bv evil (atleast from your heart); to rule according to 



18 

shari'ah in an Islamic state by the government, and to penalize 
accordingto Islamc lawfortransgressing limits of Islam; to fight 
with your enemies and the enemies of Islam and be prepared for 
defense whenever an occasion arises; to restore a deposit and to 
remain trustworthy; to lend person in need; to be friendly and 
hospitable to your neighbours; to accept only a lawful income or 
only such money; to spend according to shari'ah or the Islamic 
religious law; to return Salam for a Salam and to respond to 
salutation; if and when after sneezing; a Muslims says Al- 
hamdulillah (God be praised) than you respond under reply by 
reciting Yarahamokallah (may God have mercy uponyou); never 
give anyone unnecessarily the following; any or slightest trouble 
inconvenience diffilculty, hardship, suffering, torment, affli etion, 
humiliation; embarrassment and the likes do not participate or 
observe are get involved with any unlawful or in religious show or 
activity ; and to remove every disturbing, troublesome harmful thing 
such as stones, brickes, thoms, wood and the like from the pathand to 
clear it asaservicetoeveryoneconcemed. (AdoptedfromMerajun- 
NabiwithMiladun-Nabi(sal-am)byM.AbdullahPh.D.Publishedby 
Dini Book Depot, 4 1 60, Urdu Bazar, Jama Masjid, Delhi-6 (India). 

(5)Worldly Loss From Sins. 

These are as follows a person engaged in sins is deprived 
of learning and knowledge; faces decrease in sustenance and 
living, dreads the rememberance of Allah, fearsmen, perticularly 
good and pious persons; feels difficulties in most ofhis affairs loses 
purity ofheart; feelsweakness ofheart andbody, is debarred from 
submission and devotion; his life shortened, is deprived of the 
capabilities of repentances; loses weight and abhorrence of sins 
after some times is humiliated in the sight of Allah; loses his brain 
and wisdom is ceased by the holy prophet (sal-am); is deprived of 
the good wishes of the angePs, face shortage in crops; loses 
modesty and service of self-respect loses the source of exaltedness 
of Allah; loses the blessing and benefiction of Allah, it surrounded 
by difficulties and calamities' satans are deputed over him; loses 



peace of mind and heart; is deprived of the capability of reciting 
Kalimah at the time of death; loses hopeinthe mercy of Allah and 
dies without repentence. Avoid sins and repent now. 

(6) Worldly Gains from Worship. 

The material gains are as follows: sustenanceis increased, 
receives blessing and all kinds of abundance, removal of diffi- 
culties and harassments easy accomplishment of all legitimate 
desires; lifebecomesapleasure, thereare plenty of timely rains and 
all evils are warded off; Allah becomes very kind and helpful; 
respect and honours; his status is raised and becomes very 
popular, the holy Qur'an becomes a sourse of deliverance for such 
a person; gets better compensation for any loss; experiences 
gradual increase in the blessing of Allah day by day increase in his 
wealth; experiences comfort and peace of mind and heart; his 
benefitspass onto hisgenerations, hearsmysterious tidings in life; 
angel's give good tidings at the time of death, His spån of life is 
increased; remains immune to poverty and starvation; experiences 
abundance in things which are small in quantity; removal and 
cooling of wrathof Allah. 

III DEEDS AND WORSHIP 



Deed 1 . Make Wudhu or ablution well under even if 
you don't like it. 

Deed 2. Trytobewithablutionallthetimes. 

Deed 3. Fresh ablution is better, even if you have 
abulutionalready. 

Deed 4. A drop ofliquid(Mizi)thatcornes out does not 
necessitate bath, just wash it and do ablution. 

Deed 5. Doubt or suspicions does not break wudhu 



unless something happened for sure. 

Deed 6. Dozing or sleeping on the posture of Salah 
does not break wudhu . 

Deed 7. While going to toilet do not face or oppose 
Qibla. Do not clean with right hånd. Do not clean with faces, bone 
or coat. 

Deed 8. Not taking procaution with urine eau ses pun- 
ishment of the grave or tomb . 

Deed 9. Do not have toilet under shade in aroad. 

Deed 10. While going to toilet takeoffa ring with name 
of Allah or prophet written on it . 

Deed 1 1 . For going to toilet sit in afield wherenobody is 
watching you and do not lift your clothes until your are close to the 
ground. 

Deed 12. Donoturinate where urine maycome up and 
do not urinate in hole, may be a harmful animal is inside and may 
come out to harm you . 

Deed 1 3 While defecating put a cover behind you even if it 



Deed 14. Do not urinate where you take bath and 
defecation is even worst. 

Deed 15. Do not talk while going to toilet. 

Deed 16. When entering the toilet read Bismilahe 
Allahumma inni aoozobika minal khobothe wal khabayeth. When 
coming out read gufhranaka Al-hamdo lihhahillazi azhaba anneyal 
azaaafani. 

Deed 17. Afterthreemudpellets,washwithwater. 

Deed 18. Do not urinate standing. 



Deed 19 Usemiswak(toothbrush)ateachprayertime 
ifpossible 

Deed 20. When wakeup from sleep, wash your hånds 
before putting in water. 

Deed 21 Wash your feetproperly in ablution. 

Deed 22. In ablution wash your fingers with fingers 
passing both hånds and beard 

Deed 23 . In wudhu don't suspect whether I am clean or 
not, whether that organ has been washed or not, whether that organ 
washed three times or not. Insuspicioneverthingisalright. 

Deed 24. Do not waste water in wudhu . 

Deed 25 Shake the ring as you pour water aboveit. 

Deed 26 The procedure for bath is: tirst clean both 
hånds, then remove the dirt on the body, then make wudhu, then 
wash head three times, (then put water in the nostrils, then gargle 
with water), then wash the rest of the body. 

Deed 27. There is noneed for ablution after bath. 

Deed 28. When in need of bath (during Janabat) if 
wanting to eat, sleep or go to wife again its better to go to toilet first 
then make wudhu. Without wudhu no harm done 

Deed 29 Do not urinate in still water(without need) 

Deed 30. It is possible to get a disease (of bars) while 
using water warmed by sun rays. 

Deed 31 It is Sunnah to take bath on Friday, and after 
bathing the dead you should take bath also 



(7)SalahorNamaz 

Deed 32. Pray in good time , bow and prostrate prop- 
erly, with fear and love of Allah as much as possible. 

Deed 3 3 . When a child is 7 years old ask him to pray ask 
when 1 years old make him pray even if it requries beating. 

Deed 34 Pray regularly and punctually. 

Deed 3 5 Don't sleep before Isha. Don't sit talking after 
Isha Sleep early so that Tahajjud (night) prayers and Fajr are not 
spoiled. 

Deed 36. Asr time is short. Do not delay it. Pray early. 

Deed 3 7 . Ifslept by chance or forgot to pray, then pray 
on soon as possible but if the time is Makrooh let it pass. 

Deed 38. Azan(call)isforinvitingtoprayers.Doritinvite 
others after Azan. But if somebody is sleeping lts right to wake 
him up. 

Deed 39. One who calls for prayer should also say the 
Takbder. Don't annoy him. 

Deed 40. One who call for prayer 7 years is promised 
free from Heil. 

Deed 41 . Do not run for Salah. Youmay not have peace 
of mind that way. 

Deed 42. A prayer is accepted between azan and 
Takbeer. 

Deed 43 . The farther the distance from mosque, the 
more will be your reward for coming. 

Deed 44. When entering mosque put the right feetfirst 
and recite Allahummaaftahli abwabarahmaticka, and when leaving 



mosque (Masjid) take out left leg fir s t and recite Alahumma inni 
asaluka min fadhlika. 

Deed 45 . When time is not Makrooh, read two raka'ah 
Tahiyyatul masjid first in the mosque. 

Deed 46. Don't make noise in the mosque, don't eat a 
bad smelling food before going there (such as garlic , raw onion 
radish, tobacco, Hukkaetc.)Doritspitinthemosque. Don't pass 
wind there as angels are disturbed . Don't buy or sell there. Don't 
recite bad poems there. Don't punish anybody as his urine may 
come out. Don't talk of the world there. 

Deed 47. Don't pray on something very attractive that 
may disturb attention from Salah. 

Deed 48. You should keep something like a wooden 
piece or some similar thing in front of the praying person (in front 
of his right or left eyebrow to avoid similarity with idol worship- 
pers). 

Deed 49 . Imam should pray with small surahs so that no 
body is annoyed and hate the prayer by congregation. 

Deed 50. Do the bowing , prostration and every thing 
else properly and peacefully . 

Deed 51. Do not lift the long shirt or comb hairs with 
fingers during prayers. 

Deed 52. Whengettingupin Salah, don't use your hånds 
for support. 

Deed 53 .After fardh Salah, it is better to move a little else 
where for Sunnah and Nawafil . 

Deed 54. Don't look this way and that way during Salah, 
don't look up stop yawning, dorftblow, don't do anything contrary 
to etiquetteof Salah, and keep your eyesat'the place of 



Sajdah (prostration) 

Deed 55. Praywithcongregationexceptwhenexcused. 

Deed 56. First eat or go to toilet before praying, ifyou 
need that. 

Deed 57. The Imam shouldpray for all membersofthe 
congregation. 

Deed 5 8 . Don't leavethe mosque after Azan exept when 
returning after a short while. 

Deed 59. Stand in astraight linefor Salah. First fillthefirst 
row, then second row , thenthird row stand equally onboth sides 
ofthelmam. 

Deed 60. If the people don't want to Imam for a good 
reason, he must not lead the prayer. 

Deed 6 1 . Ifyou are qualifled to lead the prayer , then lead 
it when asked, It is sign of the day of judgement (approaching) that 
people may not wish to be Imam. 

Deed 62. Imam should not stand at a higher (elevated) 
place thanothers. 

Deed 63 . Don't do bowing, prostration or anything be- 
fore the Imam. 

Deed 64. If joined the Imam when hewas in prostration 
or sitting position (Qa'dah) thenjoin him whenever you find him. 
Don't wait for Imam to stand up. 

Deed 65. PrayTahajjud. Ithaslotofvirtues. 

Deed 66 . Don't have so many Nawafil and recitals (Zikr) 
that you can'tcope. 

Deed 67. When yourfeettired in Salah or feel sleeping, 
have a break in Salah and rest. 



25 
Deed 68. When going to bed, make wudhu and sleep 
while saying Allah Allah. 

Deed 69. Pray Nawafil at home also. 

Deed 70 Friday readDurood Sharifalot. 

Deed 71. Fridays bath, change new clothes, put per- 
fumesandgo early forprayers. Don'tgo overpeople's shoulders. 
Don't ask someone to leave and give his place to you. Don't force 
your way betweentwo seated persons. Don't talk during sermons. 
Ifsleepy, change piaces. 

Deed 72. When sun-eclipse or moon-eclipseoccurs of- 
fer Salah, pray give charity, repent (and free slaves). 

Deed 73. Go for Id prayersone way and retrun the other 
way. 

Deed 74. For someone wishing to sacrifice an animal 
during Idul- Adha it is preferable not to cut nails or trim moustaches 
after seeing the new moon till sacrifice day. 

Deed 75. Sacrifice onbehalfoftheProphet (sal-am) as 
this increases his love. 

Deed 76. Freshvainisablessing. Takeitonyourbody. 

Deed 77. For the prayer of rain (Salatul Istisqa) go 
humble crying in used clothes (for details see Islamic Prayersby M. 
Abdulah Ph D . , Dini Book Depot, Delhi-6) 

(8) Funeral and Burial 

Deed 78 . When a person is dying read loudly Kalimah 
nearhim. 

Deed 79. Give Shoroud of average cost neither cheap 
nortooexpansive. 



26 

Deed 8 O . If you remember an old trouble or worry say 
Inna lillahi wa inna ilahe rajeoon and you well be rewarded as 
before. 

Deed 8 1 . Any amount of grief read Inna lillahi and be 
rewarded. 

Deed 82. Go to the graveyard some times onthislessens 
the love of the world and reminds of the hereafter, especially 
parents, tomb on friday. 

(9)ZakahandCharity 

Deed 83. You can payZakah in advance. 

Deed 84. You payZakahon ornaments as well. 

Deed 8 5 . Give Zikah to such people who don't ask and 
are confmed to their houses. 

Deed 86. Give whatever you can. Don't beembarrassed 

bylittlethings. 

Deed 87. Don't think you have fulfilled all the rights by 
giving Zakah. There are other rights on wealth which have to be 
paid when occassion arises. 

Deed 88. Giving close relative have tworewards, oneof 
charity (Sadqah) and other of helpingthe relation. 

Deed 89. If neighbour is poor, increase water in curry 
and send them some. 

Deed 90. Give beggarsomthingeven small amount. 

Deed 91. A wife can give an amount to poor from his 
wealth. that he may not mind. 

Deed 92. If you give something as charity to some one 
and he is selling don't buy from him, He may reduce the price for 
you and this will amount to returning the charity. 



(10) Fasting (Saum) 

Deed 93. Don'tspeakfoulduringfasting. Don'tshout. If 
somebody fights withyou tell him it is your fast today . 

Deed 94. Thedayyousee a new moon the calendar will 
beginthat day. Don't say it is that days moon and hence the date 
is so and so. 

Deed 95 . When husband in home, a wife may not fast 
optionalSaum. 

Deed 96. Fast sometimes optional saum. 

Deed 97. Ifsomebodymvite you m Saum, go to his house 
andprayforhim. 

Deed 98. When last ten days ofRamadhan are left do 
moreworship. 

(11) Reading Quran 

Deed 99. If you cannot read Quran very well, don't 
worry , keep reciting, you will have twice the reward . 

Deed 1 00 . While sleeping read Qul Huallaho, Qul Aoozo 
birabil Falaq and Qul Aoozo birabbinNas and blow on the hånds 
and rub'it on the body. Do it three times. 

Deed 101. Keep reading Quran so that you don't forget 
and be a sinner. 

Deed 1 02 . If you are used to reading Quran and someday 
you don't feel the reading, postpone reading it. If you are not used 
to it, force yourself and halt. 

Deed 1 03 . Read Quran in a way that it appears that you 
fear Allah. 



(12) Prayers, Zikr and Seeking Forgiveness 

Deed 104. Pray with enthusiasm, don't ask for sins, be 
sure of acceptance, if acceptance is delayed don't give up. 

Deed 1 05 . Don't curse in anger your children or yourself. 
It may be the time of acceptance. 

Deed 106. Whenyouassemblesomewhere and talk of the 
world, thendorecite Allah and Prophets's (S al-am) Zikr, Durood 
Sharif so that the meeting may not go empty handed and be an 
embarrassment onthe day ofjudgement. 

Deed 107. Count Zikr on fingers or with a Tasbih 
(Mussabbaha). 

Deed 1 08 . Seek forgiveness a lot, all difficulties will be 
solved on you would get sustenence from where you did not 
inagive. 

Deed 109. If you sin, rapent quikly and promptly. If it 
happens again do itagain. Don't thikyou will sin again, sowhatis 
the point. 

Deed 110. 

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(13) Hajj (Pilgrimage) 

Deed 1 1 1 . Do Hajj early in life. 

Deed 112. Takeplentyofmoney with you. 

Deed 1 14. After Hajj try to go to Madina to visit the 
Prophet's (Sal-am) tomb . 

Deed 115. Until the Haji returns home his prayers are 
accepted. SaysalamtoHaji, Shake hånds with him and ask him to 
pray for your forgiveness. 

(14) Swearing 

Deed 116. Do not swear for anyoneotherthan Allah (such 
asfather, son, anyothercreature). Ifyouy have a habit ofdoing so, 
recite Kalimah after that. 

Deed 117. Don't swear ifl am Har I die withoutfaitheven 
if it is true. However if it is lie than it is terrible. 

Deed 118. If you swear contrary to shari'ah in anger or 
otherwise (like I will not talk to my father) then break it and give 
Kaffarah. 

Deed 119. Do not swear again to take somebody's wealth 



or property . (The meaning of oath is what the owner thinks) . 

Deed 120. If you don't give charity for Allah and will 
trouble you say you will give this much if the trouble is gone is 
misery 

IV Dealing 



Deed 1. Theprphetshavedonehandicraft.Itisthebest 
way of earning livelihood. 

Deed 2 . Expenses from adultress, false Taweez etc. are 
all haram. Children of pirs do that, take money from prostitutes, 
do false Taweez and rob people. 

Deed 3 . Begging is the worst, most wretched, disre- 
spectful profession. It is for better to sell cut grass or wood. 

Deed 4. Ifyoucan'thelpitandyouhavetobegthenask 
religiousgood rich people. Thisislesshumiliatingexperience. 

Deed 5. Ifyougetsome money withoutgreeditsalright 
to eat drink and give for Allah's sake from that. 

Deed 6. Allah looks at your heart. What is Haram in 
Shari'ah is prohibited. Don't take that with dirty tricks. 

Deed 7. Earn and help others instead of free-eating- 
except those who are doing religions service may not work but 
general Muslims must support them. 

Deed 8. Ifyouaresuspiciousofsomething,leaveit. 

Deed 9. Sanitor'sworkinvolvescontactwithfilthallthe 
time.Leaveit. 

Deed 10. Don't sell athingwhichis instrument of sin. 

Deed 1 1 . Rupee, Pound, Dollar etc. are worth while 



things. Take good care of them Earn them legaily and don't be 
embarrassed. 

Deed 12. If you are happy and contended in life don't 
leavethewayoflife. 

Deed 13. During buying and selling and asking for your 
rights be kind and nice. 

Deed 14. Don't sweartoo much while sellinggoods. One 
or two lies slip the tongue and this is sin and prevents blessings. 

Deed 15. Businessisaverygoodthing. Trust and truth 
areitsimportant parts. Itbrings trust in this world and company of 
prophets trustworthy people and martyrs onthe day ofjudgement. 

Deed 16. Make it a habit to give some money out ot 
business charity. Someirregularitieshappeninbusiness. Itwilltake 
care of it or reduce its effect. 

Deed 1 7 . Tell the witness any defect in your merchan- 
dise . Blessing is gone by concealing it . 

Deed 18. Do not give and take usury (intrest) or be a 
witness thereof.Theyhavebeencursed. 

Deed 19. Thosethingsthataresoldbymeasuringandif 
they are of the same kind as wheat wheat in exchange two 
conditions are in exchange : ( 1 )equal amount and (2) hånd to hånd, 
otherwise it will become interest. It they are sold by measering but 
one different things as wheat and barley they don't have to equal but 
must be hånd to hånd. And if they are same kind and not sold by 
measuring as goat goat then they don't have to be equal, and if they 
are not of the same kind and not sold by measuring then neither 
shouldbe equal nor hånd to hånd. There are the details of Fiqh 
Hanali on interest. 

These deep ornaments arebought or made and it isnot equal 



32 
due to differnce in rates and after loan or credit which is interest. 
In this case for instance silver is less, add some rupees to it. This 
will make silver silver equal. If credit is needed take loan and pay 
backlateron. 

If you give a Rupee and take 8 Annas paisa now and rest 
after one hour: This is not permissible. Give him Rupee on a trust 
and when he has the total change take it and do the dealing. 

Deed 20. Ifyouwanttobuygoodwheatforbadwheat 
and he does not give equal, then you sell your wheat for instance 
forlRs. and then buyforlRs. his wheat that hehadloanfromyou. 

Deed 2 1 . Take a silver or gold ornament and there is 
something mixed with it and you want to buy or sell silver ornament 
for silver and gold ornament for gold then this exchange is valid 
when in the ornament silver or gold is definitely less and silver and 
gold for money is none. If equal or more, then not alright. 

Deed 22. If somebody is indebted to you and he gives 
you a present or invites you to meal and there was no friendship 
before, than do not accept it. Ask him the income of mortgage 
because he is indebted to you and this benefits is under pressure of 
loan and is not Halal for you. 

Deed 23. Some people buy something for afixed money 
and when cannot afford it sell back to the seller for less price, this 
is interest and prohibited, but you can do like this. Orignal seller 
gives the money agreed upon before as loan and the buyer pays 
back the money. Now he sells it for low price to the seller. The 
remaining money will be loan on him. 

Suppose you buy a watch for 1 Rupees and when short of 
Rs. 10/- you sold it back for Rs. 8/- This is interest and Haram. but 
you can obtain loan of Rs. 1 0/- From the seller and buy the watch. 
Now you can sell it for Rs.8/-andyouhavetopayloan(remaining) 
to the original seller. 



Deed 24. Don't buy fruits from gardens until ripe and 



Deed 25. Don't sell your propertyonreceivinginvoice 
only until the property has come in your possession. A buyer can 
buy on sight of the invoice but reserves the right to buy or refuse 
after seeingthe property. 

Deed 26. Avillagerbroughtsomegrains. Let him come 
in the city then buy his grains. Don't go out of town to buy from him 
as this way be more expensive or has the authonty to sell at 
whatever price be likes and the town people have no say in this 
matter. If a buyer is negotiating the deal you do not offer your deal 
to wreck his deal. But if he refuse him, then you can buy, you can 
offer your higher price because the earlier lower price has not been 
accepted yet, but do not offer higher price to cheat someone. 

If a villager comes to sell his things then don't tell him give it 
to me, I will sell it at higher price later on but let him sell himself 
unless there is obvious loss. While selling on goat or a cow don't 
stop milking then to have bigger unddar (for deceit) to a buyer. 

Deed 27. You can not sell grass growing by itself or 
water in your own property. 

Deed 28. Don't deceive the buyer. 

Deed 29. If a person in trouble sell his property, don't 
take advantage ofhim, help him or give the right price 

Deed 30. Don't sell athing you don't own it in the hope 
that you will buy it from the market and give it to him. 

Deed 31. Ina mortgage don't make the condition that if 
I don't pay in this period of time there it will be considered selling 
to him. Thisiswrong. 

Deed 32. Don't deceive in measuring and woghing. 



Deed 33. Ifyouboughtsomething(as"badani")andthe 
sellercould not makeitthenyoutake from himthemoneyyou gave 
neither more nor anything else. Once you havegot the money, you 
canbuy whateveryou want. 

Deed 34. Youcanbuygrainscheapandsellitathigher 
price, but when people are in trouble don't wait for highter prices. 
There is a curse on it and Haram it is. 

Deed 35. The ruier has no right to fix prices but he can 
advisethemerchants. 

Deed 36. Ifpoorpersonowesyousomething,bekind to 
him, give him time to repay, waive all or part of it, Allah will have 
mercy upon you on the day of Qiyamah. 

Deed 37. If you owe something to someonethen don't 
repay hi m with bad thing but have the courage to repay better but 
this is not to be made condition of the deal 

Deed 38. Ifyou havegot something to repay then don't 
delay. Itistyranny. 

Deed 39. Ifsomebody has aloan from you and he gives 
protnise from somebody else who can pay then don't ask him but 
ask the referance. 

Deed 40. Ifyou are on loan don't delay payment. Don't 
takeloanunnecessarily. And hesayssomethingbad, bepatient.lt 
is his right. 

Deed 41. If you can afford then pay those on loan on 
vourbehalf. 

Deed 42. Sellthingsbaningonthebalance. 

Deed 43. Whenyou pay somebody's loan, pray for him 
andthankhimalso. 



Deed 44. Ifyouhaveapartner,thenbehonestotherwise 
theblessingisgone. 

Deed 45. Donotcheatinatrust. 

Deed 46 . Money collected by force, tyranny, high. po- 
sition is not Halal. Those who collect contribution should think 
about it. Only that money is Halal which is given with pleasure. 

Deed 47. Don't take somebody's property in joke to 
embarrass him or to take it. If taken in him return promptly . 

Deed 48. Be courteous to neighbours. Understand him in 
things . Suppose he wants to put a nail in your wall and it does not 
harm you, thenallow him. 

Deed 49. Ifyou have to sell land or house,, then buy 
another in its place otherwise money may be spent unnecessarily . 

Deed 50. Ifatree pro vides shade to people and animals 
and it is not your property, thendon't cutit. The livingthings will be 
inpain and this will punish you. 

Deed 51. Tohurdgoatsissunnahoftheprophets. 

Deed 52 Pay labourers as soon as they finish the work. 
Allah will claim for those if it is done for Allah's sake then it is 



Deed 53, Duringdroughtsome people sell theirchildren 
orotherschildren. This is Haram (Illegal). Allah will claim in this 

case. 

Deed 54. The " Jhar phoonk" (Taweez) whichis accord- 
ing to shari'ah , you can accept money as a favour on it. 

Deed 55. Ifyougivefiretocookorsalttocookitisasyou 
gavethem fullmeal. 

Deed 56. Offering drink where there is plentyofwater is 



like freeing a slave. And offering drink where there is little water is 
like reviving a dead (reward). 

Deed 57. Ifyougivesomethingtosomeoneforlifeand 
say I will collect it after your death. Thenthis becomes his property 
andafterhisdeathgoes theinheritors. Don't give like thiskeep 
itwithyourself. 

Deed 58. If you give something to your son, give similar 
thingtoyour other sonalso. Injusticeisbad. 

Deed 59. Accept gift ofsomeonewhodoes not wanta 
giftinreturn,otherwisemutualillfeelingwill result. But you tryto 
givehim something. If nothing is available thenpraise him and take 
hiskindness infront of others and say " Jazakallho Khaira" you did 
notthank Allah ifyou did not thank him. Similarly don't boostlhave 
gotthis muchwhen nothing has come. 

Deed 60. Keep exchanging gifts. It cleans the heart 
increaseslove and don't bebothered about small amount. 

Deed .61. Ifsomebody offers you perfume, oil, milkor 
pillow, then smell the perfume, puttheoilon, drink milk, restonthe 
pillow but don't refuse. These are small things, it pleases his heart 
and you canbear the kindness. 

Deed 62. If you receive new fruit for the first time, then 
put it on the eyes and lips and say Allahumma kama araitana 
awwalahu fa arena aakheraka. Then give it to a child nearby . 

Deed 63. Ifyou ownsomebodysomemoney, trust, write 
then mak a note of it and keep it with you. 

(15) Marriage(Nikah) 

Deed 64. Get married ifyou have the need and ifyou 
have the money ifyou have the need but don't have the money, then 
. fastingisthe solution. 



Deed 65. Look for the religiousnessof the wife. Don't go 
much on wealth, beauty, family relationship (geneology) 

Deed 66. Ifyou are returning from ajourney, don't enter 
the home all of a sudden. Wait till she has combed her hairs and put 
on the make up. She didn't care about these when you were 
absent. You may not like to see her without these. 

Deed 67. Ifsomebodysendamessagefornikahtoalady 
in your house, then the thingtolookforis religion. Don't go much 
for wealth, position, geneology, as these could lead to embarrass- 
ment laterin marriage. 

Deed 68. Ifa man and agirlfall in love (by chance), then 
it is better to get them married. 

Deed 69. ANikahisblessedwhentheexpenses arelow 
and where the Mehr (dowry) is less. 

Deed 70. Manywomendescribethefigureandbeautyof 
other women to their husbands. Thisisbadanddangerous. Ifhe 
falls in love, you will cry . 

Deed 71. Don't let two men sleep under one blanket or 
two women sleep under one blanket. Don't let them see each 
other'sbody. Awomanshould not see anotherwoman from navel 
till knees. Most women don't care it. 

Deed 72. Ifyou see a women turn your face away from 
her, andifthethoughtlingerson, have intercourse with your wife 
and the thought will be gone. 

Deed 73 . See a woman before marrige ifyou want to 
marry her, so that you don't dislike her face. 

Deed 74. Don't benaked without need for going to toilet 
or having sex. Have shame with Allah and his angels. 



Deed 75. Don'tbealone or travel with a Strange women. 
It is a big sin. A Strange woman is one whom you could marry at 
al 

Deed 76. Woman should not look at other man. No 
peeping. 

Deed 77. Give good names to your children, teach 
knowledge, when adult marry them, otherwise you will be the 
sinner. Some people keep the girls which is too bad. This is their 
right. 

Deed 78. Don't apply where a person has applied for 
Nikah. Until he get a reply or drop the idea. 

Deed 79. Ifa man wantsasecondwife don't ask him to 
divorcethefirst wife. Justbe content. 

Deed 80. Nikah should be in Mosque for publicity and 
forblessing. 

Deed 81. Don't come in front of foster brother without 
proper investigation. Don't marry where there is doubt. 

Deed 82. Don't talk about the private affairsof husband 
and wife to friends and relatives. Allah does not like that 

Deed 83. Waleemah(dinner) is preferred but don't spend 
too muchmoneyon that. The prophets wife walimahwas 1 kilo 
barley (inone wife), date, cheese, and gheein SafiyaRad, and goat 
withbread inZainab Rad. , which the people ate their full. 

Deed 84. Ifyou have manywivestreat them equally. 

Deed 85. Be patient on wifes behaviours. Don't have 
enmity with her. Ifyou don't like one thing, you may like another. 
Don't hit her without need. Even then don't hit her too much. Don't 
hit her on her face. You may feel ashamed ofkissing her in the night. 
Play with her. Don't rebuke. Don't leave the house. Sleep on 



another cot ifangry When you cannotget along divorce her. 

Deed 86. A wife should obey the husband . Please him 
fulfillhisorders, cometo him when he asks for intercourse. Don't 
ask too much money should not read Nawafil (Salah) without 
permission nor nafl fasting. Don't give his property to anyone 
without his permission nor use herself. Don't allow anyone to come 
home without permission. Don't ask for divorce without good 
excuse. 

Deed 87. It is a big sin to seduce the wife and have fight 
with the husband or casue enmity between them . 

Deed 88. Ifthehusbandhitslightlytohiswife, don't ask 
the reasonfor this aet. May be she refused from intercourse, then 
what will he say. Nothing. 

Deed 89. Do not divorce without good cause. 

Deed 90. Don't divorce during menstruation, may be 
because of that thing. 

Deed 91. Woman remarrying first husband after divorce 
from second husband as a condition is full of shame. 

Deed 92. Don't consideryour wife an adultresson suspi- 
cious and the baby born on appearance should not be discribed . 
This is a big sin. 

Deed 93. If wife is bad mannered and you can't help it, 
then divorce her. If she fears that because he loves her he may still 
have sex after divorce, than don't divorce but find a just and 
amiable solution. 

Deed 94. Ifa man finds his wife committingadultery and 
he killed her, her won't be a sinner in Allah's eyes but because of 
lacke of proof of Shari'ah, he will be asked to give revenge. 



40 

Deed 95. Tosuspecthiswifewithoutproofisignorance 
and pride. and to overlook with obvious foul play is without sense 
of honour 

Deed 96. Ifsomebodyasksyouyouradviceconcerning 
Nikah any if you know anything wrong do tell it. It is not back- 
biting. If for good reason you have to tell the mistakes and evils then 
do tell them. Itisnotonlypermissblebutalsoobligatory. 

Deed 97. If husband is miser and does not give enough 
money then wife can steal it but not for extravagance. 

Deed 98 If Allah gives you money, first yourself then 



V Politics 



Deed 99. Ifakafirwounds you or cutsyour any organ, 
and you are going to take revenge and he promptly reads Kalimah 
of Islam then don't punish him thinking that he did that to save his 
life. This shows Islam is merciful, tolerant and just. 

Deed 100. Don'tkillakafirsubject. Itisabigsinandtaken 
you for then from paradise. 

Deed 101. Don't commit suicide. Itis strongly prohibited. 

Deed 1 02 . Don't punish in the mosque. May be urine may 

comeout. 

Deed 103. If a Muslim kills a zimmi kafir, he will be killed 
in revenge. 

Deed 1 04 . Ifin the army oflslam ever a minor solder gives 
protectiontothearmyof Kuffar(infldal)it will be binding onwhole 
army . But if fightingmust continue, the kuffar will be given fresh 
notice that we take back our agreement. 



41 

Deed 105. Ifseveralpeoplekillone person, they will all be 
killed in revenge and all will be sinners. 

Deed 106. Ifanun-qualifieddoctortreatsapersonandhe 
dies, he will be asked to give revenge. 

Deed 1 07. It is permissable to fight to protect your life, 
property, religion, respect. If he is killed, hewouldbea martyr. No 
harm done if other person is killed. No revenge. 

Deed 108. Don't throw stones for play, it might hurt 
somebody. 

Deed 109. Ifyoupassinagroupofpeoplewithasharp 
knife like thing, then hide the sharp edge from people so that 
nobodyishurt. 

Deed 110. Don't point a sharp edre towards anyone as 
joke, may be it gets out of hånd and hunt him. 

Deed 111. Don'tgiveunhumanpunishmentsuchasstand- 
ing in sun with oil on the body or beat with hunters cruelly . 

Deed 112. Don'tgiveaknifeorswordopentosomeone. 
Either close it or put it on the ground and the other person will 
light it. 

Deed 113. Don'tharmananimalorhumaninfire. 

Deed 114. If a man has to be killed in revenge don't cut his 
hånds and feet åndigt him die painfully. 

Deed 115. Don't remove the chicks from birds nest. The 



parents will be restless . 

Deed 116. If a magician harms or hurts people and does 
not give up, he is worthy of being killed . 

Deed 1 17. If somebody agrees to adultery ignore him 
three times and if he insists the fourth time then give him the 
punishment. 

Deed 118. Ifdurmg punishment hetakes back his claim, 
then leave him. 

Deed 119. If a pregnent woman is found to be adultress 
don't give her the punishment until she had had the baby and if no 
other woman can breast feed the baby until this period. 

Deed 120. Afterhe or she had the punishment, it is very 
bad to rebuke or laugh at the criminal. 

Deed 121 . An adulterer who may be sick and may die 
during punishment will be postponned until he has recovered . 

Deed 122. There are two kinds of punisment; (i) frxed 
(Hudood) (2) Tazeer ( depending upon the ruier). In Hudood 
every body rich poor, respectful, mean are all equal. In Ta'zeer 
ignore the noble and only warn him. 

Deed 123. Don't lead false case or one where truth and 
falsehood is not known. 

Deed 124. Alcohol is prohabited in medicineas well. 
Deed 125. Anintoxicatingsubstanceisprohibitedinsmall 
quantitiesalso. 

(16) Government 

Deed 126. A person who asks for government is not 
worthy of it. He is selfish. One who stays away from it is more 
suitable as he will do justice. 



43 

Deed 127. Don't insult the ruier (Sultan). 

Deed 128 The ruier are required to be kind and merciful 
on people. 

Deed 129 To flatter the rulers, to tell him themeans of 

tyrannyisbad. 

Deed 130. Tell the truth and don't fear the rulers. 

Deed 131. The rulers should not investigate secretly the 
mistakesofthepeoplewithoutgoodcause. 

Deed 132. Don't stare to frighten someone. 

Deed 133. Ifthe rulers are tyrannous don't blamethem. 
Think that you have disobeyed Allah. Repent and improveyour lot, 
Allah will sorten the hearts ofthe rulers. 

Deed 1 34. Rulers should be accessible to needy and 
available to those crying out for assitance. It is wrong to be 
inaccessible. 

Deed 135. Don't judgebetween people in anger. Mind 
does not aet properly when angry. 

Deed 136. Briberyisstrictlyprohibited evenasgift. 

Deed 137 False claim, false witness, false oath, flase 
refusal of anyone's right is all sin. 

Deed 138. Try hard to proveyour point. Don't sit idle. It 
isweakness. Ifdespiteofthisyoufail, don't betooupset. Think that 
the real ruier (Allah) wants it that way. 

Deed 139. You can imprison someone onstrongsuspicion. 

Deed 140. Horse-ridingandtarget-practicingareordered. 

Deed 141. Don'tcutthetailhairsofahorse(withwhichhe 
drives the fly away), the mane (with which he recieves warmth), 
and the forehead hairs (which are blessing). 



44 

(17) Travel 

Deed 142. Allow the riding animal to feed in the way 
somewhere suitable and if there is no grass come quickly to the 
destination navel arrange for the feedingof the animal. Don't stay 
at aroad 

Deed 143. As for as possible. don't travel alone. 

Deed 144. Return to your home when travel is no longer 
needed. 

Deed 145. There is more blessing (quicker to travel) in 
night travel. 

Deed 146. Electa person as your leader ( Amir) of travel 
and follow his advice in a dispute. 

Deed 147. The leader shouldtakecarethatnoone is left 
and no one is having a complaint. 

Deed 148. When the travel ends alight and stay close 
together so that if somebody is in trouble others can help him. 

Deed 149. Fix the turn and all follow itif riding animalsare 
in shortage. Even the leader should follow it . 

Deed 150. Ifyou have to stay longwhile talking, thenget 
out of the animal and don't tire the animal, who is for travel . 

Deed 151. When you reach the destination first unload the 
animal and take off the saddle from it. 

Deed 152. If there is space in your ride, offer those who 
walk to ride with you . 

Deed 153. When riding to fight, keepitasecretunlessit is 
better to discloseit. 

Deed 154. Those who are incapable of fighting or don't 



want to fight (children, woman, old people, labourer , servants 
scholar, sufi or saint) don't forget to kill them. 

Deed 155. Don't change your mind after giving word of 
peacetotheenemy. 

Deed 156. Don't kill the ambassador. 

Deed 157. Concealingthe scene and event ofcrime is sin. 

Deed 158. A person who is tyrannous to a kafir subject, 
does not give him his rights, harm him without cause, or take away 
his property, on the day of Judgement, the holy Prophet (sal-am) 
willclaim onhisbehalf. 

Deed 1 59. When sacrificing an animal, use sharp knife 
Sharpen the knife very well . 

Deed 160. Don't keepdogswithoutneed.Itbitesastranger, 
it barks at other dogs and has no sympathy for his fellow-animals, 
abadvirtue. 

Deed 161. Don't let the animals fight each other (cocks, 
goats, etc.) 

Deed 162. Toomuch time spent in hunting makesa man 
lazy and brainless, and he cannot do hisusual duties. 

VI Way of Life and Eating 



Etiquette 1 . If a fly falls in the food, give it a dive and 

throw it away. Eat it ifyou Iike. One wing is diseased and other is 
with cure. The fly piaces the diseased wing first. Putting the other 
wings isthecure. 

Etiquette 2 . Start eating with Bismillah. Eat with your 

right hånd and in front of you. But if it is a mixture of food, then 
take whichever you like. 



46 

Etiquette 3. Eatwiththreefingers(urtlessyouhaveto 
useallfinger) andlickthefingersafterwards. Cleanthecurry inthe 
potasthisisablessing. 

Etiquette 4. If some thing (of good) drops clean it 
(washit) and eat it. Dorit beproud. This is royal blessing. Everyone 
doesnotgetit. 

Etiquette 5 . Sit with humility and eat it. Don't lean on 
pillowlikeproudpeople. 

Etiquette 6. If there are more people and less food, 
eatproportionately. Notthatonepersoneatshisfull andothersare 
hungry. 

Etiquette 7. If you are eating dates, grapes, sweets, 
take one at atime nottwo. That would bebad mannersand greed. 

Etiquette 8 . Dorit go to crowd of people after eating 
raw onion, garlic or bad smelling things. 

Etiquette 9. Cook with measure ( not too much). 
Don't measure the extra cooked food as this removes the 



Etiquette 10. Afterfoodand drink say Al Hamdolillah 
(thank Allah). 

Etiquette 1 1 . Wash your hånds before and after feed- 
ing . Rinse the mouth after eating. 

Etiquette 1 2 . Dorit eat very warm food. It is harmful . 

. Etiquette 1 3 . Look after your guests for 3 days, one 
day prepare special food. The guest should not stay longer. 

Etiquette 14. There is blessing in eating together. 



47 
Etiquette 1 5 . After eating first remove the cloth (on 
which food was served) and don't get up first. If you have eaten 
before you friends, continue eating a little bit to accompany him to 
his full. If you have to leave early, apologize and leave. 

Etiquette 16. ItisSunnahtogouptothedoorwiththe 
guest. 

Etiquette 1 7. Don't drink water in one breath, but in 3 
breathing; remove the glass from the mouth during respiration. 
Drink water saying Bismillah and in the end Al-Hamdolillah. 

Etiquette 18. Dorit drink water from the water-skin or 
any other vessel from which alot of water can come suddenly or 
snakes or scorpion may come. 

Etiquette 1 9 . Dorit drink standing with out necessity . 

Etiquette 20. Doriteatordrinkingoldorsilvervessels. 

Etiquette 2 1 . If others have to drink water give to your 
right then to his right (and so on) until everyone has been drunk. 

Etiquette 22. Don't dirnk from the tap of a vessel. 

Etiquette 23 . Don't let the children out inthe evening. 
Say bismillah and close the door and cover the vessels. Put offthe 
light in night. 

Etiquette 24. Ifpresenting water or food to somone put 
a cover or lidonit. 

Etiquette 25 . Put offthe fire when going to bed. 

(18) Dress 

Etiquette 26 . Men should not wear long shirt, trousers 
etc. lower than ankle. They should also not wear silk except 4 
fingers wide piece. 



Etiquette 27. Dorit walkwithoneshoeon. Doritwrap 
yourself in one cloth that you cannot move fast or take out your 
hånds as in blanket in winter, doritwear suchclothesthatgetting 
up and sitting downthe sex organs are exposed. 

Etiquette 28 . Wear clothes from the right side first . 

Etiquette29. ThankAllahafterwearingclothes.Alotof 
sins are forgiven. 

Etiquette 3 0. Wordly lust increases by sitting with rich 
people. Good clothes are preferred. Dorit consider a cloth old until 
a patch has been put upon it. 

Etiquette 3 1 . Dorit wear such expensive clothes that 
everyonemaypointsatyounorbeungratefulwithdirty clothes. Wear 
with simplicity average clothes. 

Etiquette 32. Dorit copy other nations clothes just as 
you worit wear ladies clothes. 



Wearing thin clothes for women is like 



Etiquette 33. 
goingnaked. 

Etiquette34. If "Tana" issilkand "bana" iscotton,itis 
alright. 

Etiquette35. Manshouldnotweargoldring. Silverring 
upto "4V 2 Masha" is alright. 

Etiquette36. Musicalornamentlike"Ghungroo"(Small 
bells)isprohibited. 

Etiquette37. Haveseveralpairsofshoes. Wearinright 
foot first, and take offfrom left foot first. 

Etiquette38. While wearing shoesifyou have to tie the 
lachets with hands,then do it sitting (not standing). 

Etiquette 39. Where shoes can be stolen, keep them 



withyou. 

Etiquette40.Therearethings ofgoodnature; circumcision, 
trim the moustache, shave the pubichairs,shave the arms pit;nails 
and hair must be cut or trimmed within 40 days. 

Etiquette 4 1 . Apply hair dye to grey hair s but not with 
blackcolour. 

Etiquette 42. Men wearing ladies clothes and ladies 
wearing and looking like men is Haram (illegal) 

Etiquette 43 . To increase the length of your hair don't 
borrow hair from somebody else. Tatooing is Haram. 

Etiquette44. Safflowerand saffron coloured clothes 
are prohibited for men. 

Etiquette45. Dorittrimbeardunlessitismorethanone 
fist long. To have symmetry you can cut one or two hairs from the 
beard. 

Etiquette 46. If there is hair on the head, wash it, comb 
it,oilit,similarly with beard. But notdoing that all the time. 

Etiquette 47. If hair turns grey don't pluck them or pull 
them. 

Etiquette 48. It is better to shave hair of children than 
keepingthem. 

Etiquette 49. It is better for woman to apply "Hina 
Mehndi"tohandor atleastto nails. 

Etiquette 50. Apply eye " Surma" before going to bed 
three times in each eye. 

Etiquette 5 1 Keep the house clean. Don't let the dirt 
accumulate infront of the house. 

Etiquette52. Apply perfume(Itr)sometimes. 



50 

Eliquette 53 . Don't keep pictures in the house(except 
for identification) 

Etiquette54. All these games are prohibitedxhess, 
"chauser", "Ganjafah", pigeonflyingjistento music. 

(19)Medicine. 

Etiquette55. When sick,it is recommended to take 
medicine. 

Etiquette 56 Don't insist to feed or drink a patient. 

Etiquette 57. Don't give Haram medicine. 

Etiquette 58. Don't use Taweez, " Ganda, " Tootkah" 
contrary to Shariah. 

Etiquette 59. In case of an evil eye, collect water from 
washing mouth, hånds upto elbows, both feet and legs, place of 
"Istinja" (private parts) and pour the water on the head of the 
person whose evil eye it is. Insha- Allah he will be cured . 

Etiquette 60. Take care of stomach, all the body parts 
willbe alright. If stomach is sick, the rest of thebody become sick too. 

Etiquette 61. A person suffering from a disease people 
dislike it should stay away from the public, so that they are not 
harmed 

Etiquette 62. To take bad men is a kind of "shirk" 
(paganism). 

Etiquette 63 . Starts, "Ramal" Hamzad" all destroy faith. 

(20)Dreams 

Etiquette 64 . If you see a horrible dream, then express 
dislike by emitting spitting sound three times to the lefl, read Aoozo 
billahi minashaitanir Rajeem (3 times), change the side you were 
sleeping onand don'tmentiontoanyone-youwillbe alright insha- Allah. 



51 

Etiquette 65 . Téll your dreams for explanation to an 
intelligent ftiend so gives a good one, as it often happens according 
to the explanation given. 

Etiquette 66 Don't invent a dream. It is a big sin. 

(21) Salam (Salutations) 

Etiquette 67. Do salam to each other. It increases 
mutuallove. 

Etiquette 68. Say salam to any Muslim, not just those 
whomyouknow. 

Etiquette 69. Say salam as follows. mounted person to 
one on foot, walking person to one sitting, few people to more 
people, younger person to older person. This is the proper 
etiquette. 

Etiquette 70. Whosoever says salam first gets more 
reward 

Etiquette 71. Ifa person says salam (among many 
people) it is sufficient from all ofthem. Similarly ifa person replies 
it is sufficient from his group. 

(22) Permission to enter a House 

Etiquette 72 . If you go to meet a person, do not enter 
without permission (even if it is a man's home) and return if after 3 
t i mes knocking or calling you don't get the permission. Similarly 
don't enter your house without permission ( a Strange lady or 
neighbour may be in). But you don't need permission to meet a 
person in public place (or meeting). 

Etiquette 73. When the caller is asked who is that. 
Don't say: I. Butgiveyourname. 



(23) Hånd Shaking and Standing up 

Etiquette 74 . Hånd shaking cleans the heart and sins are 
forgiven. 

Etiquette 75. TohugwithaffectionisaMghtbutnotwithlust. 

Etiquette 76 . To stand out of respect for a saint scholar 
or respectful person is alright. Sit down when he is seated . This is 
copying Kuffar (infidels) that the leader is sitting all others are 
standing byhim. Thisispride. Butwherethereisfamiliarityandthe 
saint does not like it, then don't stand up. 

(24) Sitting, lying and walking. 

Etiquette 77. Don't lie down withone leg over theother 
leg toexpose the private parts. 

Etiquette 78. Don't wear fancy dress and walk with 
pride. 

Etiquette 79. Don't sit on all fours, if it is pride. 

Etiquette 80. Don't lie upside down (onstomach) 

Etiquette 8 1 . Don't sleep on a roof without boundary 
wall. Youmayfall. 

Etiquette 82. Don't sit in part sun, part shade. 

Etiquette 83 . If a woman has to go out, let her walk on 
a side not the middle of the road . 

(25) Meeting Place 

Etiquette 84. Don't unnecessarily sit on the pavement 
to a road. If you have to sit think of the following. Don't look at 
woman, don't give trouble to a pedestrian , nor narrow his ways, 
saysalam to onewhosalute you, enjoin the right, forbid the wrong, 
help anyone in trouble or tyranny, somebody who wants to know 
the way tell him the way and if somebody needs help in loading/ 



unloadinghelphim. 

Etiquette 85 . Don't ask anyone to get up for you to sit 



Etiquette 86 . Somebody who leaveshis place and comes 
back quickly, the place is his right, others should not sit there. 

Etiquette 87 . The president of the meeting should leave 
something (handkerchief, turban, or something) there if he has to 
go outsideforashortwhiletoindicatethatheiscoming back. Let 
the people know it. 

Etiquette 88. If two people are intentionally sitting 
togther don't sit between them without permission. 

Etiquette 89 . If somebody comes to meet you, move a 
little for himto sit down there. 

Etiquette 90. Don't sit behindanybody or don't sit with 
your back towards anyone. 

Etiquette 91 . Sit when you find room in a meeting. 
Don't try fora prominent position. 

Etiquette 92 . Sneezing is pleasant. After you sneeze say 
Al-hamdo lillah. Alistener should say Yarahmakullah. The sneez- 
ing person should say yaghfirkumullah. 

Etiquette 93. When somebody sneezes a lot don't 
reply. 

Etiquette 94. When you sneeze put your hånd or 
handerchief on the mouth to reduce the noise . 

Etiquette 95. Preventyawning.Ifyoucan'thelpitcover 
the mouth. 

Etiquette 96. Don't laughtooloud. 



Etiquette 97. Don't be rude in a meeting. Keep talking 
withtheneighboursthere. Beoneofthem. Jointhetalkunlessitis 



(26) Miscellaneous Etiquettes 

Etiquette 98. AMuslimhasthefollowingrightsonother 
Muslims: When he does salam, say salam, when he calls reply, 
accept ifhe invites, when he snezees and say s Al-Hamdo lillah say 
Yarahmakullah, when he is sick visit him, when he dies accompany 
his fiineral like for him what you like for yourself . 

Etiquette 99. When you go home, say salam to the 
inmates. 

Etiquette 100. Drop soilafterwriting letter. Notneeded 
withpens nowinuse. 

Etiquette 101. Ithelpstothinkwhattowriteifyouputthe 
pen on back in the ear. 

Etiquette 102. To love yourownlittle childrenalso Car- 
ries reward. 

Etiquette 103. Don'tdryyourshandswithotherpeoples 
clothes. If he does not mind then it is alright for instance when he 
is wearing clothes given by you . 

Etiquette 104. Don't stretchyour legs to wardsanyone. 

Etiquette 105. Meetpeoplewitha smile ( to please him). 

Etiquette 106. Best names are Abdullah and Abdur 
Rahamn. 

Etiquette 107. Don't keep anameshowingpride nor one 
with abad meaning. 

Etiquette 1 08. Don;t keep names like "Banda Hasan" 



(SlaveofHasan)or"BandaHusain"(SlaveofHusain). 

Etiquette 109. Don't say bad to time (zamana). Itgoes to 



Etiquette 110. One says people say so for irresponsible 
newsandthelistenerthinksitisreliable. Don't say athing like that 
without authority. 

Etiquette 1 1 1 . Don't say likethis : if Allah wantsand that 
man wants or Allah above, below you. 

Etiquette 1 12. Don't use too respectful words for sin- 
ners. 

Etiquette 113. Bad poem is bad but in permissible po- 
ems also ddn't get too involved to cause suffering in worldly or 
religiousaffairs. 

Etiquette 114. Don't exaggerate. 

Etiquette 115. Thereis agreat sin of not acting according 
toyoursermon. 

Etiquette 1 16. Speak inmoderation, neithertoo lengthy 
that people get bored, nor too brief that the meaning may not be 
clear. 

Etiquette 1 17. Awoman'svoicemay not reachunnec- 
essarily to a man's ear. Similarly men should not sing in front of 
women as they are soft-hearted. They may be influenced to evil. 

Etiquette 118. Music destroys the heart. Don't get in- 
volved with it. 

(27) Control of the Tongue 

Etiquette 119. Think before you say something. 
Etiquette 1 20. Don't rebuke. It is the aet of sinners. 



56 

Etiquette 121. Don't address or call someone as sinner, 
kafir (pagan), cursed, enemy of Allah, faithless-ifhe is not so it will 
cometoyou. Similarly don't say to a man, animalorlifelessthing 
as cursed, Gods' anger be upon him, go to heil, etc. 

Etiquette 122. If somebody rebukes you, you can take 
revenge and rebuke him to the same extent, not more inwhich 
case you would be sinner. 

Etiquette 123. People often say like this :there is too 
much negligence p eople are sinners etc . It is alright to say this as a 
grief and kindness but not as pride. The crime applies to him in the 
firstplace. 

Etiquette 1 24 . Don't have two faces . Don't talk on thing 
somewhere and another thing somewhere else. 

Etiquette 1 25 . Don't back bite. 

Etiquette 1 26. Speak the truth, don't lie but you can lie 
for reconciliation between two rivals. 

Etiquette 1 27. Don't praise someone on his face. In his 
absence also don't praise too much or with certainty. Allah knows 
the truth. If you believe it say in my opinion be is so and so. 

Etiquette 128. Don't back bite. Itcauses sin and wordly 
trouble as well. This is whenhe is as bad as you say. Butif he is an 
innocent then this is slander, which is worst. 

Etiquette 129. Don't propagateyoursins. 

Etiquette 130. Don't argue . Be quiet when you see the 
person does not accept the truth. It is no good to talk unnecessarily. 

Etiquette 131. Don't make a habit of lying just for a 
laugh. 



57 
Etiquette 132. If there is no worldly good or religious 
good don't talk. 

Etiquette 133. Ifsomebodysinsadvisehimpolitelybut 
not hate or debasing, what if you get involved in that sin. Where 
will you bethen? 

Etiquette 134. Don't copy somebody in back-biting like 
walk as a lame , etc. 

Etiquette 135. Laughingtoomuchmakestheheartdead, 
develops negligence , light of the face is gone. 

Etiquette 136. If you backbite and can not ask for for- 
givenessthen ask for forgiveness from Allah like this: Allahumm- 
aghfirlanawalaha. 

Etiquette 137. Don't make false promises, not even to 
child. Ifyou say I will give you biscuit, then have this intention also. 

Etiquette 138. You can talk funny to please someone but 
don't lie and don't hurt someone, if he dislikes your fun. 

Etiquette 139. Don'tbeproudofgeneologyorwealth 

(28) Rights and Service 

Etiquette 140. Serveyour parents even ifthey are pagan 
(Kafir). Obey themunlessthey say against Allah and His Prophet 
(Sal-am) 

Etiquette 141. Ifyou rebuke otherpeople's parents and 
they rebuke yours, this is like rebuking your own parents. 

Etiquette 1 42 . It follows from serving parents to treat 
well and with kindness theirfriendsaftertheirdeath. 



58 

Etiquette 143. Treat you relation well even if they don't 
treatyouwell. 

Etiquette 144. Investigate your relation for following 
theirrights. 

Etiquette 1 45 . Theright of 'khala'Xmother's sister)is like 
the mother. 

Etiquette 1 46. If parents died unhappay, pray for them 
and do Istighfar (ask for forgiveness). Insah- Allah they will be 
pleased. 

Etiquette 147. Unclesrightislikefather's. 

Etiquette 1 48 . Elder brother's right is like father's. 

Etiquette 1 49. Rearing children and taking care of them 
carries reward, but specially daughters. 

Etiquette 150. Who from his earningshelpswidows and 
poors (and orphans) he will be rewarded as in Jihad(holy war) 

Etiquette 151. Helping and looking after orphans will be 
rewarded by the company of the holy Prophet (sal-am) 

Etiquette 152. Teach your children knowledge and abil- 
ities. 

Etiquette 1 53 . Don'tharmyourneighbour, buthelpthem. 

Etiquette 154. Be kind and sympathetic to eåch other. 

Etiquette 155. Help and recommend a person in need. 
Don't recommend if it is harmful or disliked by him. 

Etiquette 156. Help the oppressed and the oppressor 
(by stopping him for his tyranny) 

Etiquette 157. Don't propagatethe fault or sin of anyone. 

Etiquette 158. Help as far as possible anyone in hardship. 



Etiquette 1 59. Don't consider anyone inferior. Don't ac- 
cept his loss of wealth and respect. 

Etiquette 1 60. Don't hurt anyone. 

Etiquette 161. Like for others what you like for yourself. 

Etiquette 1 62. If there are three people in a group don't 
let two of them talk privately (leaving the third to speculate if they 
are talking about him oreise). Askafourth person to join the group 
and then talk two each. 

Etiquette 163. Beawell-wishertoall. 

Etiquette 1 64. Bekind andcourteousto Allahs creatures. 

Etiquette 165. Be kind to young people and respect ful of 
elder people. 

Etiquette 166. Defendsomeonewhoisback-bitteninfront 
ofyou. 

Etiquette 1 67. Inform a man of his weakness, otherwise 
sombody else will humiliate him. 

Etiquette 168. Bewell-behavedtoyourfriendsandcol- 
leagues. 

Etiquette 1 69. Treat every one according to his rank. 

Etiquette 1 70. It is a shame you eat to your full and your 
neighbour in starving. 

Etiquette 171. Don't be a slave of your wishes. Have 
friendship for Allahs sake without any selfishness. 

Etiquette 1 72. If you like or love someone inform him 
also. This will make him love you too. Ask his name, address, 
family background which will boost the friendship . 

Etiquette 1 73 . Enquire about his religious views before 



60 

inaking a new friend. Otherwise you will be spoiled by bad 
company. 

Etiquette 174. Finish yourdisputewithanother person 
within 3 days, then meet again and talk Who talks first carnes the 
morereward. 

Etiquette 1 75. Don'tgobysuspision. Don't find fault with 
others. Don'thateorhaveenvy. Don't break friendship Don'tbe 
greedy. Bebrothers. 

Etiquette 176. Make friendship where two persons 
break away. 

Etiquette 177. 

Etiquette 178. 
tion, don't worry. 



Forgive someone who apologizes you 
Think before you leap Workonsatisfac- 

A wise man is one who is experienced. 
Be moderate. Be in the middle. Don't go 



Etiquette 179. 

Etiquette 1 80. 
to extremes. 

Etiquette 181. If somebody asks for advice, give him 
what you consider best . 

Etiquette 1 82. To speed wisely and with organization is 
half economics, to be liked by people is half intelligence, and to 
enquire a thing properly is half kno wledge, 

Etiquette 1 83 . Treat people kindly and amicably . 

Etiquette 1 84. It is better to meet people, be patient on 
their afflictions than live alone and be not useful to anyone. If you 
can't bear it , it is alright. 

Etiquette 185. Control yourtemper (anger). 

Etiquette 1 86. Livewithhumility, not with pride. 



Etiquette 1 87. It will be bad on the day of judgement, 
there fore ask people to forgive you now. 

Etiquette 1 88. Enjointheright. Forbid the wrong. Ifthere 
is no life or fear of repraisal then be quiet. But consider an evil bad 
inyourheart. 



VII Sulook, Tariqah and Sufism 

Unfortunatly there are some fanatics who refiiseto accept 
the validityof sulook, TariqahandTasawwaf(Sufism). Something 
will be said for them in brief first. 



'rf&6£n&&(iJJ&<£J£&\få. 



Allah said hence we explained the event to S oloman AS. 
and said theholyprophet(Sal-am)certainlybeforeyoupeoplehas 
passed in other nations who have received inspiration and anyone 
is in my Ummah it is Omar Rad . 

Knowledgeable people say one who has not received any 
thingfromthehiddenknowledgemaydieonlackoffaith.Theleast 
you can do is to accept it. 

This is the summary of Imam Ghazali Rah 

after this is described faith and Islam, which means besides Islamic 
beliefsandapparentworship there is some thing else cailed "Ihsan" 
in the Hadith. And talking its significance means that this is the 



62 

hidden Tariq without which this peace of mind is not avai- 
lable.Thousands of people support it which the intellect can not 
reject that by sitting next to a Shaikh of Tanqah besidesbeliefs and 
Fiqh a new thing develops inyour hidden self (which was not there 
before) and the result in increase in love of virtues and hatred for 
sin day by day. This is a strong proof that hidden thing is something 

Besides vision and inspiration of saints are so much record- 
ed that with the following of Shariah this is a proof. This is what 
Qadhi. Thanaullah Rah. says, "Follow it or at least don't refuse it" 

(29) Bait or Pledge. 

It is the habit of Allah that you need a teacher or guide for 
perfectionin any profession. Whenyou plan to entersulook look 
for a teacher. A Shaikh's qualifications are as follows 

(i) Knowledge in Shariah to a satisfactory extent by books 
or ulema so that he can save hi s followers from mistakes ofbelief 
and deeds. 

(ii) Must be pious. Free from bigger sins and not insi sting on 
smaller sins. 

(iii) Leaving world and seeking the Hereafter. Following 
apparent and hidden worships. Otherwise it will have a bad effect 
onstudent'sheart. 

(iv) Look after his Mureeds (disciples) if any go astray 
correcthim. 

(v) He must have had the company of saints. Learnt from 
them. He should not necessarily show miracles. Must not be 
greedy. May not be apposed to earning. 

The holy Prophet (sal-am) has taken Bait apart from Islam 
and Jihad . Also on welfare ofMuslims, in front of Allah's orders not 
to worry about anybody's rebuke or any thing, not to beg from 



63 

people. Thus there is no doubt that this is Sunnah. 

Because of similarity with caliphate the earlier saints con- 
fined it to company. Then came Bait (pledge) and the title of Sufi 
was common in the second century (Qashiriyah) 

(30) Struggleand Mujahidah 

Theessencearethefollowingfourthings : (1 )less talking (2) 
less eating (3) less sleeping (4)less contact with people. Ask the 
middlecourse from the shaikh. Neither too much to cause negli- 
genceortoolittletoruinthehealth. 

Self has two requirements ( 1 ) rights, keep them, save them, 
(2) pleasures, avoidthem. 

Grief is a good struggle. Humility and servitude develop 
fromit. Constipationofthe soul that comes in the way is a struggle 
and good thing. Don'tcomplain. Keep onworking with patience. 

(31) Detailed Struggle 

There are two kinds. One good manners and they are 
several stages or "Muqamat" such as repentance, patience, thank- 
fulness, fear, hope, abstinence(zuhd), monotheism, trust, love, 
desire (shauq),sincerity, truthfulness, meditation (muraqabah), 
thoughtfulness. Except otherwise stated, these are taken from 
Ahyaul Uloom. 

(a) Repentance (Taubah) 

fé£i3- **4*Z A141 \j2\j* føyjtl^ j,\}fåz»i je. 
Allah says in Quran. o You who belive repent to Allah sincere 
repentance. 

Hadith : O people repent to Allah 



Feel sorry on remembering sin. Leaving the sin, firm com- 
mitment not to do it in the future and prevent it at the time of desire 
Think the punishment in Quran and Hadith on sins, this w ill create 
a burning and hatred in the heart, this is repentance. 

If Salah and fasting are lefl fulfill them. If people's right are 
wasted, them ask them to forgive you. 

(b) Patience 



Allah says in Quran, O you who believe have patience. The 
prophet (sal-am) said in Muslim, everythingofabeliverisgood. If 
he is pleased he thanked, if he had hardship he had patience, thus 
every thing is good for him. 

There are two powers in man. One encourages on religion 
and other on selfish desires. Then patience is to raise the one on 
religion above the selfish desires. 

Weaken the selfish desires to obtain it . 

(c) Thankfulness. Allah says be thankful to Me. 

Consider a blessing from the real owner. Two things will develop 
from this to be pleased with Allah and to please Allah in service and 
obeyinghisrules. 

Think of Allahs blessings and mercy . 

(d) Hope. Don't be hopeless of Allahs mercy. 



65 

Waiting for beloved things (mercy, forgiveness, blessing, paradise 
etc.) will create happiness in heart and to try to achievethem. One 
who wants for mercy and paradise but does not repent and do 
good deeds he is in false hopes. Just like a farmer does not sow the 
seeds and waits for crop is in false hope. 

(e) Fear. Allah says in Quran ^ fear me 

and the prophet (sal-am) said in Tirmizi, on who fears starts 
travelling in the night, one who travels in the night reaches the 
destination. Listen Allahs merchandise is expensive. Bewareitis 



Fearing of heart from something unpleasent that would 
happen in the future . 

Think of Allahs punishment and anger to attain it. 

(f) Abstinence (zuhd). 

So that you maynot be sorry for what you have lost, and be not 
proud with happiness on what We gave you. The holy prophet (sal- 
am) said the first good thing of this Ummah is faith and abstinence, 
and the first evil thing of this ummah is misery and talking to oneself. 

To leave something you like for something which is better is 
Zuhd, for instance leave this world for the Hereafter. 

To attain it think of the evils and temporary nature of the 
world and the goods and permanent nature of the Hereafter. 

(g) Monotheism (Unity of God). Allah says in Quran: 
Allah has created you and all your deeds. And you don't like 
anything except what Allahlikes. The holy prophet(sal-am) said if 
all men unite to award you a gain, they cannot do that except what 
Allahhas writtenforyou, andifallmenuniteto giveyou aharm, they 
cant do that except what Allahhas writtenforyou (Ahmad &Tirmizi) 



66 

(h) Trust. Allah say in Quran . 

gj£. £\\ $'^&\$i$ , £få- letthebelievershavetheir 
trust on Allah. The prophet (^sal-am) said when ask from Allah, 
when ask for help ask from Allah (Ahmed & Tirmizi) . 

Have the trust of your heart on the Maker . 

To attain this think of His promises and kindness and you 
past successes. 

(i) Love. Allah says in Quran 

Allah and Allah loves them. The prophet (Sal-am) they have said 

those who likes Allahs meeting, Allah likes to meet him, and one 

who dislikes meeting with Allah, Allah dislikes meeting with him. 

(Bukhari &Muslim). 

It is inclination of a thing that gives pleasure to self. When 
strong, this is called love. 

To attain this cutdownwordlyrelationship,removethe love 
of other than Allah because two loves don't assemble in the heart. 
Think of Allahs virtues,qualities and blessings. 

(j) Desire (Shauq)^ , ^^ ^ , ^ ^ ^ 

Allah says in Quran, one who hopes for meeting Alan, then Allahs 
time (death) is due to come. 

The prophet (sal-am) said O Allah I want to see your face 
and desire to meet you. 

If you know some thing a little and don't know all of it, to 
develop the desire to know Him perfectly and the natural wish to 
see the beloved. 

To attain this develop love as desire comes with love. 



(k) Affection (U ns) ,jj 

Allah says in Quran, He is One who descended affection in the 
heart ofthe believers.Theprophet( sal-am) said when people sit to 
doZikrullah, but surround them angelsofpeace, and surrounds 
them Allahs mercy, and descends upon them affection and 
satisfation, and Allah remembers them in front of those with Him 
(the angels) (Muslim). 

Take a beloved thing, you know something and hidden 
t hings you don't know if you look at what you don't know and want 
to know, Him this is "affection" (uns). Whenlatter in extreme, you 
don't often remember the qualities ofHis Majesty and familiarity 
comes in his statementsand actions. 

To attain this, develop love (see love). 

(1) Pleasure. 

Allah says in Quran, Allah is pleased with them and they are 
pleased with Allah. The prophet (sal-am) said fora man it is good 
to be pleased with what Allah has destined from him. 

Not to reject on destiny with tongue or heart, sometimes in 
extreme cases even the pain is not felt. 

To attain this, develop love. 

(m) Intention. 



Allah say in Quran, O Mohammed (sal-am) don't be angry with 
those who call their Lord morning and evening (all the time) and 
like Allah. The Prophet (Sal-am) said 
actions depend upon intentions. 

It is rising ofthe heart towards some thing good for him. 



68 

To attain this develop good deeds and the goodness of 
sulookwayoftheHereafter,thiswillactivatetheheart. ^ ^ 

(„)Sincerity. %^'&^&&&fa 

Allah says in Quran, they have been asked to worship Me with 
sincerity and away from other things. The prophet (sal-am) said 
when aman prays well infront of others and in loneliness also, then 
Allah says he is my rightful servant. 

ToworshipAUahforthesakeofAllahandwithoutpleasures 
of others or self. 

To attain this remnve "show" (riya). 
(o)Truthfulness. 

Allah say in Quran : those are faithful who believe on Allah 
and His prophet, did not hesitate and fought with their life and 
property in the wayof Allah. Therearethetruthfulones. Aysha 
Rad. said the prophet (Sa-am)passed through AbuBakr Rad. He 
was cursing his slave. The prophet (sal-am) said Siddiq and 
cursing? Abu Bakr (Rad.) said I will not do that again. 

To need perfection in any stage (muqam) and leave not 
incomplete. 

To attain it keep a watch of it and keep on perfecting. 

(p) Meditation (Muraqabah). 



69 

Allah says in Quran : Allah is most certainly watchful over 
everything. Ihsanisto worship Allah as ifyou seeHim, ifyou can't 
seehimHe does seeyou. The Prophet (sal-am) said think of Allah, 
you will find Him infront of you 

Know that Allah knows my apparent and hidden and knows 
everything all the time, know He is Great, Al-mighty, think ofHis 
punishment, then youwill think ofHirn all thetime and nothing will 
happen against His wishes . 

Think with his heart of someone who is lookingafter him. 

( q )Thoughtfulnes S . ^M^M^^y^ 

Allah says in Quran, Allah gives examples for people so that they 
may think. The prophet (sal-am) said 

Consequantly accept what is going to last over what is 
goingtoperish. 

Take two things in your mind and desire the third, for 
instance you know that the Hereafter is permanent, and you now 
that permanent thing is preferable to temporary thing. From these 
two facts you desire the third hereafter is preferable . 

By the reform of these stages all the others are also 
reformed, suchaspiety, contentment, certainty, servitude, stead- 
fastness, modesty, freedom, mariners, etiquettes, recognition of 
Allah etc. Which are descibed in Quran and Hadit as follows : 



70 
It is obvious, therefore they are not described in detail. 

(32)BadManners. 
(a)Lust. ^£is&gi&&\*Jjtå'*">é- 

Allah says in Quran, those people who follow their selfish desires 
or lust want you to deviate fromtruth alot ofturning away . 
Needs struggle which has been described earlier. 

(b)EvilsofTongue.-- 'V-'*' 

Allah says in Quran not a word he utters but there is a watcher 

ready. 

One who kept queit escaped punishment. 

There are evils of tongue : talking contrary to shari'ah useless 
argument, fighting, artificiality intalk, rebukes curse, music, joke 
to hun other person, disclose somebody's secret, false promises 
lie, false oath, false witness, backbiting, have two faces in talk, 
praise, to talk about Allah withoutknowledge, askulemauseless 
things. 

The cure is to think a little because Allah listens and watches 
oneeverythingthatHe willnotbedispleased. Thiswill stop sinfrom 
themouth. 

(c) Anger, t^'g-j , '/J?%$\ &'* $?&&- 

(tf ^u^j 4^S^i'J^fo^%^' 

Allah says in Quran : When these people who become kafir 



in their heart did the anger of Jahilyya (ignorance). The Prophet 
(sal-am) said don't be angry. 

It is the rushing ofblood to take revenge. 

The cure is to think that Allah has more power over me and 
Idisobey Himtoo and ifHegets angry whatwill happen. Think that 
nothing happens without Allah's permission so whyshould I object 
or resist. Say Aoozoo billahi. Sit down if standing, lie down if 
sitting. Make ablution with cold water. Finally remove the person 
or get away from him. 

(d) Malice (Keenah). 

Allah says in Quran forgive others, enjoin the right, and turn your 
face away form the ignorant people. The prophat (Sal-am) said 
(Bukhari & Muslim): Don't have malice. 

When you cannot take revenge of anger in order to control 
it there is a hardship in heart called malice. 

Tocure is to forgive his sins, and start talking to him, inafew 
days malice willbegone. . 

(e)Jea.ousv. *4*&^t&iM^' 

Allah says in Quran : I seek refuge with the Lord of the day 

break from the mischief of the enemy when he envy. The 

prophet (sal-am) said don't envy each other. 

Somebody has a good condition and you don't like it and 
wishthathelosesit. 

Praise the man a lot and treat him with kindness, humility, 
giving Thiswill produceyour love in his heart. Thenhewill treat 
youlikéwise. Thiswillproducehisloveinyour heart. Jealousy will 



begone. Thisisthecure. 

(f) Worldly love. ,jj^ j „ <■ ",i j ,^> , -w«*v * 

Allah says in Quran, the worldly life is full of defect. And the 
prophet (sal-am) said world is a prison for the believer and a 
paradisefor the kafir (Muslim). 

World is a thing which has pleasure now but no reward in the 
Hereafter 

To cure worldly love remember death often and do not 
makelong plans. 



(g)Misery. 



4-S f &JZ$l$&$%fai £ 



Allah says in Quran : One who is miser doesmisery from himself. 
The prophet ( sal-am) said a miser is away form Allah, is away from 
paradise , is away from people, is close to heil (Tirmizi) . 

To avoid spending where it is esssential according to 
Shari'ah. 

To cure, remove the love of wealth from the heart and see 
worldly love. 

(h)Greed. ^\^JJi\Z&l£jj£ao£yS&&di>)JS. 

Allah says in Quran : don't cast your eyes towardsthe things 
we gave for benefit to different Kafir groups in this world. The 
prophet (sal-am) said man gets old buttwo things keep increasing 
: greed on his wealth and greed on his age. 

It is the business of heart with wealth. 



To cure, cut down the expenses so that more income may 
not be needed, and don't think of what will happen in the future. 
Think that a greedy person is always miserable. 

(i) Love of Position. 

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Allah says in Quran : this Hereafter is meant for those who 
do not have love for po sition or trouble-making, and the end is for 
those who fear Allah. The prophet (sal-am) said two hungry 
wolves on goats don't cause so much danger as greed of wealth and 
love for position ruins a man's religion. 

It is the change of peoples heart that they may respect and 
obeyhim. 

Tocure, think that neitherwilllremainnorthesepeoplewho 
are showing respectto me, so what good inbeing pleased with their 
temporary behaviour. 



(j)Show. 



tr&i o/j. \yl $££>ijif. 



Allah says in Quran ; they show to the people. The prophet (sal- 
am) said: 
(Ibne Majah), a little show is shirk (polytheism) . 

By a worship of Allah, to try to be respectful in the eyes of 
the people. 

To cure, remove love of position from the heart as show is 
a part of it. Apart from Jama'at day other prayers and worship 
secretly. Hadrat HajiImdadullah(myshaikh)Rah. saidifyoufear 



74 
who in a worship do it lot and openly, no body will pay attention 
to it. The worship will become habit and thensincerity will come 
intoit. 

(k)Pride. • ^jg^\&5Zt\%\&iZ'£\få. 

Allah says in Quran : Allah doesnotlikeproudpeople. TheProphet 
(sal-am) said inMuslim, whosoever has an atom's worth of pride 
in his beart will not go to paradise. 

It is to consider oneself greater than others in virtues . 

To cure, thinkof Allah'sgreatness, you will find your virtues 
nothing in fromt ofHim. If y ou find yourself greater than a p erson, 
treat him with respect and humility until you get used to it . 

(1) Self pamperedness (UJB). 

Allah says in Quran : when it looked good to you your being more 
innumber. The prophet (sal-am) said, thingswhich destroy arethe 
selfish desires whichyou follow, misery is one whichyou aet upon, 
andconsideringgoodofapersonofhimselfisworstofall(Baihiqi). 

It is to consider a virtue to yourself. 

To cure think of it as a gift from Allah, and fear that it might 
bewithdrawn. 

(m) Deceit(Ghuroor). •£sMjp\$&&&&& 

Allah says in Quran : And let not satan deceive you . The prophet 
(sal-am)saidstayawayfromthedeceitfulworld(Baihiqi). 

It is belief according to selfish desires, which is attractive, 
by the deceit of the devil (shaitan) self is satisfied with it . 



To cure alwaysjudge your actions with Quran, Hadithand 
saint'ssayings. 

With the cure of these all other bad manners will be gone. 
Remember these short poems in Persian. 

(n) Meditation. Itincludes "Musharitah" before the med- 
itation and "Muhasabah" after it. Musharitah isto talk to yourself 
every morning don't do this and that evil or sin. Then keep an eye 
on this meditation or "Muraqabah. " Then do the "Muhasabah " in 
theevening before going to sleep. Remember all the deeds. Thank 
God for good deeds. Feel sorry for thebad deeds or tho.se with the 
intermingling ofthe self, repent, and fix somepunishment and do it. 
Allah says- ll^^ij^i&ø^&^^j^t (Ahyaul Uloom). 

(33) Misclaneous Masails of Tariqah 
(Tasawwuf). 

(a)Rejection. After receiving the goalnobody is rejected. 
If anybody is rejected it is before that. 

(b) More Rewards to Saints. The saints (auliya) get more 
rewards in their worship and good deeds, because they are more 
si ncere and have more servitude. 

(c) Manifestation (Kashf).Breakingof habit takesplace 
in manyways. One is manifestation or Kashf which is oftwo kinds: 
worldly manifestation and Divine manifestation. Worldly manifes- 
tation is where the distance in time or space may not be a curtain 



76 

for him. He may come to know the things . Divine manifestation is 
where knowledge concerning sulook or concerning attributes and 
qualities of Allah may be manifested . 

Second is inspiration. Some knowledge may berevealed on 
the heart of sufi, or hear some voice. There is "Tasawwuf ' or 
influencmg.InfluencingmeansaffectingthehiddenoftheMureed 
by which he is attracted to Allah. Influencing also occurs by 
courage in prayer in worldly things. There are many stories from 
saints in there. 

(d) Manifestation and Inspiration. Manifestation and 
Inspiration give knowledge with hesitation. If it is according to 
Shari'ah it is acceptable, otherwise will be disearded. Some 
companions said Azan(call to prayer) intheir dream. The prophet 
accepted it and it was carried. The companions were hesitant in 
washing the prophet whether to take off the clothes and, a sleep 
came on them and they all heard a voice saying wash him with dress 
on, and it was carried on. 

Ifthereisdifferenceinmanifestation,thenthelatter onewill 
be accepted of the same person. 

If they are of two persons, then one of more intelligent 
person will be accepted. If both are intelligent then one whose 
manifastation is often according to Shari'ah will be accepted. If 
they are both equal then who is more pious his will be accepted. If 
both are equal then follow your hearts desire, If a kashf is opposed 
toa groupofthem,thenfollowthegroup. Butif healoneisthebest 
person, then follow him. 

(e) Miracles. Miracles are not essential for sainthood. 
Some companions did not show a miracle all their life even though 
they are greaterthen all saints. Greatnessliesincloseness to Allah 
andsincerity ofworship. Hindu jogisshowunusualthings(mira- 
cles). This is a result ofstruggle. It is lesserinranktoZikrof heart. 



77 
It is a miracle if saints to be steadfast on shari'ah and quest 
manifestation in finding out the ability of the mureed and train him 
accordingly. 

Shaikh Akbar Rah. wrote that some saints wished on their 
death bed that they would have not shown any miracle. Then how 
would you knows he is a saint. Sainthood is a secret thing, why 
know it. If you want to benefit from their company then sit a few 
days and notice the change in your heart. You will know he is 
influencial. 

(f)Searchfora preceptorand number. It is essential to 
acquire hidden perfection and for that a preceptor is needed as is 
the habit of Allah without whom this way is not travelied. It is 
therefore, essential to find a "Pir" or preceptor. Meet different 
saints, do not hurry in :Bait"(or pledge) and do not reject quickly . 
Look if they are steadfast in Shari'ah. If not steadfast leave him 
even if he shows miracles. 



Allah says in Quran: Don't listen to him OMohammed (Sal- 
am) to any sinner or kafir. And don't listen to him whose heart has 
negligenceand his work hascrossed the limits. Ifhe is steadfast on 
Shari'ah, heis a saint alright but you need training and perfection. 
Don't do Bait just now. Look for the effect on your heart : increase 
in Allah's love, and decrease in sins and worldly love. These are the 
signs of saints in Hadith : when you see them you remember Allah. 

You may recognise this right away, so ask an intelligent , truthful 
"mureed" about the Shaikh. Allah syas in Quran : 



The prophet (sal-am) said 

cure for sickness and ignorance is asking others. If several people 
givegood witness then he is worthconsidering. After sati sfaction, 
be a mureed and follows him 



78 
If after a long time there is no gain, go somewhere else. Tft© 
object is Allah and not Shaikh. But don't talk ill ofthe Shaikh. May 
be he is a perfect Shaikh and your share is not there. Similarly if the 
shaikh dies before your completion or you have no hope of seeing 
him, thengo somewhere else. Tobenefitfromtomb is not enough. 
You can not have training from tomb. Although a related person 
feels something in his events. There are thousands of tombs of 
saints and even prophets, no one should have done "Bait " for 
training and education. 

(g) Bait (pledge). Don't do Bait morethan oneplace. This 
removes the blessing and shaikh is disheartened. The relationship 
way disappear. He may earn a bad name. 

(h) Love for Shaikh. If you feel some improvement in your 
heart, then considerthe shaikh worth while. FoIIowhim. Obey him. 
Please him. Don't do anything he does not like as think block the 
relationship read the surahHojorat (Apartments) in Quran, thefirst 
few versesabout the prophet (sal-am): l.Oyouwhobelieve! do 
not be forward in the presernceof Allah and His messenger, and 
fear Allah. Verily Allah is hearing, knowing. 2. You who believe! 
do not raise you voice above the voice ofthe prophet. nor shout 
loud to him in discourse, as you do to one another, lest you works 
,may be rendered fruitless, which you perceive not. A shaikh is the 
follower ofthe prophet. Learn these etiquittes for him also. 

(i) Best for Me. Consider your Shaikh as best for you. 
Allah says in Quran : 

there is somone greater then a knowledgeable person. 
B elieve that in my search I can not find a better person for me as 
explained by Hadhrat Haji Imdadullah Sahab Rah.(the shaikh of 
MoulanaThanwi). 

(j) Shaikh not innocent. If by chance shaikh does 
something objectionable remember the story of Hadhrat Musa 
(Moses) and Khidhr AS. and think aboutit. Eitherthink ofare- 



interpretaion or that saints are not innocent. But if somebody has 
make a habit of sin, then leave him. He is not a saint. 

(k) Shaikh not knower ofthe Unseen. Don't insult the 
saints and also don't elevate them higher then or equal to Allah or 
His prophet (sal-am) for instance to call them "Alimul-ghaib" 
knower oftheunseeniskufr(paganism). 

-Ife li> Si aJ* &{&vJ>£ 

Allah says in Quran : Nobody knows of what is in the 
heavens and earth ofthe unseen except Allah; Say O Mohammed 
(sal-am) I do not say I have treasures of Allah nor I know the 
unseen; and people can not surround a little bit of knowledge 
except what Allah wishes. ItisKufrto consider saints capableof 
giving anything or taking away anything or giving children or 
sustenence or take from Allah by force. 

These are Kufr and shirk and some ways of sin and Bid'ah 
: offer salah to them (saints), doingprostrationtotheir tombs and 
going round it (as to Kabah). 



Allah says in Quran: 






We worship you and ask You for help . Going round the kabah in 
circles in wor shin like S al ah 



Allah says in Quran : Ask me I will grant it. those who are 
proud to worship will enter Heil disgraced . Who you call besides 
Allah are servants like you. 

(I) Shaikh (Saint) not prophet. A saint can notreachthe 
rank of a prophet nor can worship be waived but it is more 
emphasized. But "Majzoob" (mad man) is excepted. Shaikh is not 
innocent nor can he reach the rank of a companion. 

Allah says in Quran : You are best ofUmmah. The prophet 
(sal-am) said the best period of Islam is my time. All agree on it. All 
the companions arejust. According to Abdullah bi Mubarak (who 
was a "Tabei") the dust that went into the nostrils of Hadhrat 
Maavia Rad. horse is better than Hadhrat OwaisQarniRah. and 
Hadhrat Omar bin Abdul Aziz Marvani . 

(m) Tomb of Shaikh. All these are prohibited : To build 
high tombs, with dorne on them, to have fare (Urs), lightning the 
tombs, to prostrate(do Sajdah) to any dead (or alive). 

However, itisgood to visit the tomb, do "IsaleThawab" or 
send blessings to them and for a man of relationship to obtain 
blessings from them. 

(n) Shaikh Should Progress. A Shaikh should make 
progressshouldnotclaimtobeperfect;shouldthankAllahforthe 
blessings; should not begreedy or progressing the Tariqah; should 
be kind to Mureeds; forgive their mistakes; should not remove 
them in exchangeforworldly people; should not ask " mureeds" to 
give him money; should be patient on troubles from people; like 
seriously; should not prefer one Mureed or another (disciple) 
except on piety; do not do such things as people may be disap- 
pointed ordistressed(fromIrshadutTalebeenbvOazi Thanaullah 



PanipatiRah.) 






(o) Imagining Shaikh. It is also cailed "Barzakh" "Rabita 
" and "Wasita" . This does not mean that God is in the shape of the 
Shaikh. Thisis totally wrong. Ifyou aremistakenbythisHadith. 
Allah created Adam on 
His qualities . Mouth nose is not only shape but shape is also quality 
Human being are given hearing, sight, etc. so they are created on 
the shape or quality of Allah. This much is written in books of 
Tasawwuf . Ifyou imagine shaikh a lot you would love him. This 
thoughtremovesother thoughtsandgivespeaceofmind. (Hadhrat 
ShahKalimullahRah. inKashkol). Itis good for the specialist but 
very harmfulforthegeneral public. Don'tconsider Shaikh present 



all the times or helping him all the times sometimes the shape 
appears before your face, sometimes it is someone from the 
unseen; the shaikh does not know it even Hadhrat Imam Ghazzali 
has prohibited it and such " Ashghal" whichhave manifestation. 

(p) Ladies Bait. Don't take ladies hånds in your hånd . This 
isHaram. Theprophet(sal-am)neverdidso. Let them hold apiece 
ofcloth. 

(q) Musical Concert. (Sama) It is a controvercial matter. 
Itispermissiblewhenyouhavetheright people, right time, andright 
place. Now is a customleft. People with different selfish motives 
gather together. thereisalotof badnametotheTariqahofsaints. 
Hadhrat SultanulMashaikhRah. savsjnFawaidul mad: 

"/ '' . Lsd!)*' 

Sama activates the present situation in the person and if it is 
other than. Allah then that is activated in most people who go there. 
If love other than Allah is Haram then what do you speak of its 
source. 

(r) Absorption (Istighraq). During absorption there is no 
progress in action and he gets lost. keep on acting, keep on 
progressing. This is best ( Khajah Obaidullah Ahrar Rah). 

(s) Apparest Meaning of Quran and Hadith is valid. 

Don't speak against shaikh without situation and be kafir 
(GulshanRaz). 

(t) Statement under Intoxiation to be Rejected. Keep 
quite if a Sufi under intoxication says something objectionable. 
Don't follow him. Do obj eet ifpublic is going toget astray. Show 



him the mistake then. 

(u) Apparent and Hidden Meanings of Quran and 
Hadith. It is kufr to deny the apparent meaning of Quran and 
Hadith. To accept the apparent and go towards the hidden is the 
right thing. For instance, in Hadith it is mentioned where thee is dog 
angels don't go. Apparent people said day is prohibited (but they 
kept the dog-like qualities in their heart) . They have faith and will 
eventually go to paradise. Hidden people said this dog as alright, 
keep it. They said house is heart, dog is dog-like virtues, angels 
means heavenly enlightenment. They became kafir by rejecting 
Shaikh. 

Thosewho aremoderate, on the right path, said when dog 
is prohibited in the house, how can dog-like qualities will be 
allowed in the heart, this isright path 

(v) Curtains. People of manifestation say that there are in 
lack pleasentry or anecedote 1 0,000 curtains dark and light each. 
There are 7 anecdotes, this 70,000 curtains. Zikr removes dark- 
ness and the light of ancecdote becomes visible to the salik. This 
is the sign of those curtains being lifted. For instance the curtain of 
self is lust, the curtain of heart is to pay attention to other than Allah, 
and curtain ofintellect is to think in the meaning of philosophy, etc. 

(w) Salik and Curtains. In Fawaidul Fuad it is written: 
" saliks" are who walks the way, " waqif ' or stationary is one who 
stops in the middle, when salik is lazy in worship and he repents 
right away and does worship again he becomes salik again. But if 
he continues in negligiance then he is, I am afraid, going to be an 
"rajeh: or returner. There are 7 stages of a mistake : first is in 
differnce, if not repented it becomes a curtain, if still (insisted 
becomes a distance, if still went the wrong way then worship is 
withdrawn; further more ofthis "salbe qadeem" is satisfaction, and 
then in the end is enmity (from love) . Inna lillah ! 



VIII Correction of Mistakes. 



The important ones are described below. 



Statement are from futoohat, Hadhrat Ba Yazeéd Rah, 
Hadhrat Junaid Rah., Qashirya from Hadhrat ZunNoonMasri 
Rah, Hadhrat Siri Saqti Rah.,Hadhrat Abu SulaimanRah. Hadhrat 
Ahmed bin Abul Hawaris Rah. , Hadhrat Abu Hafas Haddad Rah. , 
Hadhrat Abu Uthnam Rah., Hadhrat Noori Rah., Hadrath Abu 
SaeedKhazzazRah, Daleelul Arefeen, MalfoozatKhajaMoinuddin 
Chishti Rah., Maktoobate Quddoosiaby Hadhrat Qutbul Alam 
Abdul Quddoos Gangohi Rah, and Quwatul Qulobs by Abu Talib 
Makki, etc. Theseprovethatinsufism(Tasawwuf)firstyouneed 
theknowledgeofshariah, thenactaccording toit. Thedoor dbes 
not open without it. No body can be a saint (Wali) by opposing 
the prophet by being an innovator. When this is the result with 
innovation (Bid'ah) what to talk about kufr and shirk. Ignorant 
people call knowledge the greatest certain (Hijabe Akbar) and 
action (freedomfrom action). Thisiswrong. Letmeexplaintoyou. 

Hijabe-Akbar is the last curtain between you and the king. 
When you reach, this curtain, all the other curtain have been 
removed. Afteryou cross this last curtainyouwillsee the king. One 



85 

who has not even acquired the knowledge is behind many many 
curtains. So acquired knowledge from books (such as Bahishti 
Zewar, English edition by Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Saroha and 
M. Abdullah) or from Ulema to come up to the last curtain. Let's 
take freedom. Freedom means escape from lust ( not Allah's 
commandments). 

You are mistaken if youn think shari'ah is opposed to 
Haqiqah. Shariah is not Haqiqahbut is not opposed toit. There 
are various laws . One thing illegal in one law does not become legal 
in other law. Imam Ghazali Rah. has said why keep Haqiqah 
secret". This is because they are not opposed to shari'ah but 
because they are difficult not conceivable by ordinary people and 
are harmful to them. Second (to be kept secret) are ways of 
teaching of sulook, if made public will bring disrespect and greed 
of Salik (Talib). Third thing (to be kept secret) are the resuts of 
struggle and manifestations or this will produce claim and show. 
They are not secret because they are opposed to shariah but if so 
they will be rejected . In summary, you meet Allah by the knowl- 
edge of Shari'ah and Sunnah. If any saint said otherwise he was 
intoxicated. May be he made a mistake and is forgiven or the 
stories are wrongly narrated. But ordinary people joke with it, 
opposeit, sothat this is Kufr. This meansdon't do anythingagainst 
shari'ah as like: goingroundthetombsincircles, prostration before 
Shaikh. Follow a shaikh as long he follows Shariah,, otherwise 
leave him. Hadhrat Noovi Rah. says one who speaks contrary to 
shari'ah in closeness, get away from him. 



(34) Intermingling of Sexes is Harmful. 

There is a story in Jawahire Ghaibi, a person was doing 
Tawaf (going round the circles to Kabah) and saying O Allah I seek 
refuge from You to You. On asking he told his story. Once he 
looked with lust to a beautiful boy and was slapped from the 
unseen and lost his eyes. Hadhrat Yusufbin HusainRah. says I saw 
the troubles of sufis in mixing with the boys and women. Shaikh 
Wasti Rah. says when Allah wants to disgrace someone throws 
him in dirty roads meaning boys. Hadhrat MuzafFar Qarminsi Rah. 
says being kind is good but with woman it is bad. People said to 
Hadhrat Shaikh Naseerabadi that we sit with ladies and our 
intentaion are good. He said as long as this body is there he is talking 
to her is Haram. Some ignorant people consider it a source of Allahs 
love. Ifsotheprotitutes were Auliya(saints). It is not ture that love of 
awoman is sourceof Allahs love, but bethatwomanyourwife. 

(a) Shaikh not Allah. It is wrong and has been discussed 
earlier in this book. 

(b) Paradise and Heil Present. Anybody who doubts that 
goes against Quran clearly. 

(c) Quran not Prophet's (sal-am) words. If Quran was 
Hadhrat Mohammed' s (sal-am) words what does this verse mean 

this book which we have 
revealed towards you . Who is saying that (Allah)? Whom is He 
saying that (Mohammed)? Not only faith is gone but intellect is also 
gone. 

(d) Protection of Tongue. Don't say anything that comes 
to your head. Think ifit is the right manners (etiquette). You could 
become a kafir(atheist) by that 






ThereisnorestrictionirTWahdatuIWajood " Sometimes 
cailed Allah acreature, sometimescalledacreatureofAilah. God 
forbid. 

There is also no protection of stomach They accept meal 
from there who take interest, from prostitutes and the like . and 
who accept money from them. This is all big sin 

(e)RulesofShari*ahnotwaived.Thereisamistakeinthe 

belief that at some stage m Sufism rules of Shan'ah are wai ved This 
isKurr. As long as you are aware they arenever forgiven, although 
in unconciousnessyou are excused. Hadhrat Ibrahim bin Shaiban 
Rah. says: The knowledgeof Tasawwufdepends upon unity of 
Allah, sincerity and correctattitudeofservitude. All otherthan this 
is deceit and irreligiousness. 

Hadhrat Junaid Rah. was told some people say we have 
reached the end why now bother about rules of Shan'ah He said 
yes, they have reached the end of Heil. And he said a thing , an 
adulterer is better then someone with this belief And he said if I 
live thousnad years I will not leave my Zikr recital 

(f) Boasting and Insulting Others. Another mistake that 
some people do is to boast and insult othres, Allah says 

But if you say some thing as a gift from 
Allah and not your attribute, then it is alright . Allah says in Quran: 



88 



, ,, .... Some say my "Nisbat" 

(relationship)issostrongthatsJnsdon^changethem.Some S aywe 
stare boys and prostitutes and this increases our relationship 

Remember.thisisShaitan'srelationshipandthisincreaseis cailed 
istidraj or "makr" Sucha person cannevercomeonthe right 
patn. ° 






u A-l g } Author,t,es of Hadith. They are Ulema Shaikhul 
Had,th. It,snotnght to look themeaninginUrduorPersianand 
start arguing. Among such falseHadith is 

ThereisnowordormeaninginauthoritiesHadith 
tnereis awarning by theProphet(sal-am) 

.. „• onewholiesonmeinten- 

tionally may make his abode the fire of Heil. 

Another lie is that the prophet (sal-am) brought several 



thousand statements ofTasawwuf onMeraj night and told them to 
Hadhrat Ali Rad. How do you know that several thousand 
statements of Tasawwuuf given on Meraj night? There was so 
secrecy that angels did not know it . How did the claimant know it? 
The second lie is that it was told to Hadhrat Ali Rah. secretly. 
somebody asked Hadhrat Ali Rah. if the prophet (sal-am) told him 
some speciai things. He said no but theunderstanding of Quran 
which Allah bestows to people. Thisunderstanding came to him 
from the prophet (sal-am) and this has been transferred to date 
(from chest to chest). Thisisthe meaningofTasawwufcoming from 
chest to chest. This does not mean that the prophet (sal-am) said 
something secretly to Ali and it is being transferred now. 

It is like this. A person may say that Hatim was very 
generous. It is written in thebooks. But I have information from 
chest to chest that he was a miser. Don't tell this to Mullahs, they 
will oppose you. You can bring anything chest to chest and there 
vvill be no authenticity . 

The third lie is that only Hadhrat Ali Rah. was selected to 
know them, when the virtues ofthe best person after the prophets, 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr Rah. was ignored. How can this happen? 

(h) Allah's vision not in this world . Another mistakes is 
that some people believe that Allah's vision will be on this earth (as 
intheparadise). In Quran in the story ofHadr at Musa AS. when 
he wished to see Allah, the reply was 
(You can't see now). There is aHadith 

you will never see Allah before death. Another 
Hadith in Muslim says His curtain is light. IfHe lifted it, it will burn 
everything(allcreations). After QuranandHadithwhatisthatthing 
they will believe? You can see Allah in dreams (in sleep) 

(i) Caution. There is a spiritual lighting. Sometimes a "salik" 
mistakes it for Allah and goes astray. A shaikh is needed to help 
vou out. 



(35) Some C la rification. 

Somesaintshaveusedtheword "TajallieZati."Letnotbe 
deceived by that. It means that " salik" is so absorbed in his 
attentions towards Allah that he does not notice anything else, not 
even His attributes. This is not seeing Allah. There is a difference 
between "tajalli" and sight. Tajalli means appearance. This is an 
attribute of Allah. Sight, is an attributed of the creature(man) and 
is not the same thing as appearance. Allah can appear but man 
cannot see Him. In the story ofHadhrat Musa A. S . 
negates seeing of Allah and is appearance. 

We will see Allah in the Hereafter . 

Another mistake is to consider Hadhrat Mohammed (sal- 



am) fn his body as Allah. Tbis is kufr (atheism). This creates 
thousands ofmistakes. Whatevercomesinyour imagination, Allah 
is above that. Our senses and intellect can not reach Him. 

IX. Mistakes of Tariqah. 

(a) Opposing Sunnah. Itisabigsin, contrary to Tasawwuf. 

These days customs and insolvationare common and Tasawwuf 
is also a name of customs. 

People are following customs,, they even don't know the 
meaning ofthe technical terms ofTasawwuf Shah WaliuIIah Rah. 

SayS: <I>lJ$d&J(&Ji£ / JL>>2g*j' 



(b) Leave Ignorant Shaikh. Oné mistake is that you did 
"Bait" with anon observant of Shari'ahpreceptor and kept on it for 
the rest of your life. When he is not perfect how would he perfect 
others. Hadhrat Bandarah Rah. says : company of innovators 
equals turning away from Allah. 



93 



It is difficult to have faith with anignorant siiiner. But it is the 
rule that you need a perfect Shaikh , one who is master ofthe 
apparent and hidden. This does not mean a non-observant of 
Shariahpreceptorbut an ordinary shaikh who willbe sufficient with 
mybelief. 

(c) Don't be Intimate with Boys. Don't watch woman 
and boys, don't sit with them, don't mix with them. This has been 
described above. 

A saint was going with his Shaikh when he saw a handsome 
boy and asked his Shaikh, will Allah punish this face. The Shaikh 
said you have seen this boy, you will be punished. He said after 20 
years I forgot my Quran. Mixing wih woman throws you miles 
away from Allah. 

(d) Control you Torgue. Itis abig mistake not to control 
your tongueto make false claims, claim onmonotheism, insulting 
Allah and His Shariah. These have been described above. 

(e) Going to Extremes in Struggle(Mujahidah). Don't 
struggle morethan what Shaikh has advisedyou, You will soon be 
fed up and leave struggle altogether . This has happened to many 
people. r .o. 



(ø4£tau>.>l$£^*j2» 



(f) Don't Rush in Results. Don't say that so many days 
have been since I was struggling but with no results. The result is 
either he loves faith with the Shaikh or leaves the struggle. Let Him 
understand that it takes time, once he was a baby then with time he 



grew up a man, once he was ignorant then with time he became 
knowledgeable. Read the following Persian poem if you feel 
worried. 

(g) Don't displease the Shaikh. Don't be angry with or 
enemy of your Shaikh. There is aHadith : One who is an enemy of 
my Wali (friend), I declare war upon him. 



X. WillsofSaints. 



(36) Imam Qaishiry Rah. 

First of all have the beliefs according to Ahle Sunnat wal 
Jama'at(seeEnglishBashishti Zewar, Dini Book Depot, Delhi-6. 
India), Then learn the practices as the need be by learning or 
company of Ulema. In controversial matters follow caution. Re- 
pent from sins, and pleasethose who have rights upon you. Break 
offrelations of weaith and position. Don't oppose your Shaikh nor 
objecttohim. Don't hidefrom Shaikh your hidden circumstances 
If opposed Shaikh, apologize promptly. Don't travel without need. 
Don't laugh too much. Don't quarell with anyone. Don't bej ealous 
ofyourcolleagues. Stayaway from woman and children, don't talk 
freely withthem. Without completion of yourrelation- snip, do not 
do Bait to.anyone else. Follow the Shari'ah thoroughly . Don't be 
lazy in struggle and worship. Be alone. When in crowd leave them. 
Consider yourself less than them. Stay away from the company of 
worldypeople. 

(37) Shah Waliullah Sahib Rah. 

Don't sit in the company of rich (unless necessary). Stay 
away from : ignorant Sufis, Ulema opposed to Tasawwuf Muhaddith 
opposed to Fuqaha, Philosophers. Sit with aperson who is learned 
and Sufi . He should be leaver of the world, lover of Zikrullah and 
Sunnah, neutral in Mazahib (Hanafi, Shafiie etc. ) and Sufi orders. 
Should not say chishtiyyah are powerful and strong, naqsh bandiyy ah 
follow Sunnah, etc. Ignoretheintoxicatedpeople. Don'ttalkevil 
of them. Yourself do what the shari'ah says. 

(38) Haji Imdadullah Sahib Rah. 

First have the beliefs of Ahle sunnat wal Jama'at. Cure these 
views: greed, anger, lies, back, biting, misery, jealousy, show, 



pride, malice. Develop thesegoodmanners . patience, thankfiil- 
ness, contentment, knowledge, certainty, trust, pleasure etc. Ob- 
serve Shari'ah Repent from sin and do good deeds. Pray with 
Jama'atontime. Remember Allah allthe time. Thank Allah onZikr. 
Don't ask for manifestation and miracles. Don'ttell hissecretsto 
unqualified people. Removetheworldfromhisheart. Stay away 
from the company of opposed to Shari'ah Sufis. Meet people, 
whenneeded, nicely. Considerhimselfinferiormost. Don't worry, 
whatever happens is from Allah. Help in religious works. Have 
noble intention. Eat and drink with moderation. Earning livelihood 
is better but if you trust don't trust on human being. Don't hope or 
fear anyone. Thank Allah on his Messings. Don't get di sheartened 
in starvation. Be kind to his colleagues. Keep forgiving him and 
acceptingtheirapologies. Don't backbite. Consideryourweak- 
ness in front ofyou. Don't argue. Be a host and help the travellar. 
Be in the company ofpoor, Ulema and good people. Becontent. 
Laugh less, cry alot. Fear Allahs punishment. Be mindful of death 
allthe time. Keep examiningyourdeedseveryday. Thank for good 
deeds and repent for bad deeds. Don't go in anti religious meetings. 
Avoid the customs if ignorants, Visit the tombs of saints and 
general Muslim. Respect the Shaikh. Always pray for steadfast- 



(39) The will and Advise of Mujaddid 
ThanwiRah. 

(a) I ask my friends in particular and the general Muslim 
public in general emphaticallythat leamingand teachingof religious 
knowledge is obligatory on each one of them and teaching this ro 
them children. There is no way in escaping from the wordly troubles 
which areplenty. Do not wastethis time. 

(b) I ask the students not to be proud of learning and 
teaching. Its usefulness depends on the company of saints and 
shaikh. Hold them fast. 



(c) Stay away form, the folio wing: Do not folio w anger and 
excessive sex. Do not rush things. Do not do anything without 
consultation: Do not backbite. Do not talk too much. Do not meet 
too many people, especially ifyou make them your secret bearers; 
this is dangerous. Do not eat too much. Do not take loan without 
great necessity . Do not be extravagent. Do not pile up unnecessary 
goods. Do not go to extremes in statements, actions, food and 
dress. Do not be rude to rich people and do not mix too much with 
them. Do not eat medicine without Doctor's advice. Save your 
tongue fromuseless things and sins. Do not interfere in any body's 
worldlyaffairs. 

(d) Read surah Yaseen or Qul Huallaho Ahad 3 times every 
day for me but do not do any Bid'at. 

(e) Do not attach themselves to the world. Do not be 
unawareof thehereafter. Beprepared for death anytime. Repent 
from morning sins in the night and night sins in the day. Fulfill the 
peoplesduties,(seeEnglishBahashtiZewar). 

(f) Death on Islam is the best blessing. Pray for it after ever- 
day 5 prayers. Thank Allah for the available faith. Lain shakartum 
la-azidannakum! this is a good promise of good death. 

(g) May Allah be with them who translate the Mujaddids 
Books from Urdu to English and Arabic as is much needed now. 
Amen. wa sallallah alan nabiyy . 



XI. Shajarah 



It is a good thing to read and to have the family tree ( Shajrah) 
of your preceptor or Shaikh. This helps to develop a special 
relationship, affection and love for thepreceptorsofTariqah and 
the holy Prophet (sal-am). This has. therefore, been in the practice 
of saints and their disciples of Islam to pray with the "Tasawwuf ' 
or " Waseelah" ofthefollowing 

1 . The Prophet Mohammed ( S ai-am) N ext only to 

Allah. 



2 


HadhratAliRad. 


3. 


Hadhrat Hasan Basari Rah. 


4. 


Hadhrat Khajah Abdul Wahid birt Zaid Rah 


5. 


Hadhrat Fudhail ibne Ayadh Rah. 


6. 


Hadhrat Ibrahim Adham Rah 


7. 


Hadhrat Huzaifah Mar-ashi Rah. 


8. 


Hadhrat Bu-Hurrairah Rah. 


9. 


Hadhrat Mamshad Alavi Rah 


10. 


Hadhrat Abu Ishaq Shami Rah 


11. 


Hadhrat Abu Ahmed Chishti Rah 


12. 


Hadhrat Bu-Mohammed Rah 


13. 


Hadhrat Abu Yusuf Rah. 


14. 


Hadhrat Maudood Chishti Rah. 


.15. 


Hadhrat Sharif Zandani Rah. 



99 

Hadhrat Uthman Rah. 

HadhratMuinuddinRah. 

Hadhrat Qutbuddin Rah. 

Hadhrat Fariddudinn Shakar-Ganj Rah. 

Hadhrat Alauddin Sabir Rah. 

Hadhrat ShamsuddinTurk Rah 

Hadhrat Jalaluddin Rah. 

Hadhrat Ahmed Abdul Haq Rah. 

Hadhrat Ahmed ArifRah. 

Hadhrat Shaikh Mohammed Rah. 

Abdul Quddoos Rah. 

Hadhrat Jalaluddin Rah. 

Hadhrat Nizamuddin Rah. 

Hadhrat Bu Saeed Rah. 

Hadhrat Muhibullah Rah. 

Hadhrat ShahMohammad Rah. 

Hadhrat Mohammadi Rah. 

Hadhrat Azuddin Rah. 

Hadhrat Abdul Hadi Rah. 

Hadhrat Abdul Bari Rah. 

Hadhrat Haj i Abdur Raheem Rah . 

Hadhrat Noor Mohammed Rah. 



100 

38. HadhratHajilmdadullahRah. 

39. HadhratMujaddidAshrafAliThanwiRah. 

40. Hadhrat Dr. M. Abdul Hai Arefi Rah. 

41. HadhratMohammedAbdullah,Ph.D.